A GRAVE AFFAIR
Epitaphs & Inscriptions on American, English & other Gravestones & Monuments: 1 - 35
Gravestones & Gravestone Carvers: 36 - 56
Graveyards & Cemeteries: 57 - 77
Mourning, Funerals & Remembrance: 78 - 123
Miscellany: 124 - 126
Epitaphs & Inscriptions on American, English & other Gravestones & Monuments
1. Booth, Rev. John. Metrical Epitaphs, Ancient and Modern. London & Eton; Bickers and Son: 1868. The author divided his work into three sections: Greek authors, Latin authors, and English and other authors, listed chronologically. The Rev. Booth also wrote a book on ancient and modern epigrams. Hardcover. 5"x6.75", xxiv + 215 pages. Original green pebbled cloth with a brown spine label. A little soil and some spotting on the preliminaries; text a bit browned. Else a fine, nice copy.  $40.00
2. Box, Charles. Elegies and Epitaphs: A Comprehensive Review of the Origin, Design, and Character of Monumental Inscriptions and of other Necrological Literature, whether in the form of elegiac verse or less ambitious prose... Gloucester; H. Osborne: 1892. "To which are appended fully 300 epitaphs or mottoes, classified to suit the exigencies of different times of life; also, dissertations upon ancient and modern cemeteries and disused burial-grounds, &c., elegies and epitaphs of celebrated persons, Latin and musical epitaphs, &c." A posthumously published collection meant to educate and inspire Victorian readers to sit up straight and mend their ways. Box found "amusing" books on epitaphs in poor taste, and terms the state of funereal and epitaphic art a "disgrace". Box offers a wealth of interesting detail in the chapters about the history and current state of cemeteries, epitaphs and elegies. His attitude also makes his observations all the more interesting and pointed. All in all, an entertaining and informative piece of Victorian historicism and bluster. Uncommon. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", x + 299 pages. Publisher's maroon cloth with gilt and black rules and decorations; covers a bit soiled, spine faded and lightly spotted; binding dry; contents clean and nice.  $300.00
3. Bridgman, Thomas. Memorials of the Dead in Boston; containing exact transcripts of Inscriptions on the Sepulchral Monuments in the King's Chapel Burial Ground, in the City of Boston. Boston; Benjamin B. Mussey &Co.: 1853. King's Chapel Burial Ground was the first ground set apart for burial of the dead in the city of Boston, the first recorded burial taking place there in 1630. Here are buried members of some of the oldest Boston families. Bridgman supplies an interesting transcription of early American gravestone inscriptions; two years earlier he wrote a similar book on Boston's Copp's Hill Burial Ground. Hardcover. 5"x8", 339 + 17 pages, frontispiece, several family coats of arms illustrated in the text; gilt pictorial covers. . Covers rubbed and with chipping along the hinges on the spine, spine head chipped, some internal spotting.  $175.00
4. Caldwall, Thomas. A Select Collection of Ancient and Modern Epitaphs, and Inscriptions; to which are added some on the Decease of Eminent Personages. London; Thomas Caldwall: 1796. The author notes in the preface: "The Compiler of the following sheets, having for many years made it a favourite amusement to collect from the various churches, church-yards, and burial-places (in those situations where business or pleasure induced him to go), such inscriptions as might be useful or entertaining, has been persuaded to form such selection of them as might be pleasing and instructive, and present them to the Public". A second edition was printed in 1802. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", iv + 416 pages, portrait frontispiece. Bound in old period marbled boards with a calf spine. Covers rubbed and somewhat worn. Spine largely perished through rubbing and the hinges are loose. Some scattered internal soil and a few marks; a little browning and spotting.  $150.00
5. Cansick, Frederick Teague. A Collection of Curious and Interesting Epitaphs, copied from the monuments of Distinguished and Noted Characters in The Ancient Church and Burial Grounds of Saint Pancras, Middlesex. London; J. Russell Smith: 1869. As a collection of epitaphs these volumes are a valuable and immense compilation, sure to be of more general interest than the title would suggest. This set was released incrementally; the second volume, released in 1872, expanded its coverage to other cemeteries and churches in Saint Pancras; Volume 3, released in 1875, covers churches and churchyards in Hornsey, Tottenham, Edmonton, Enfield, Friern Barnet, and Hadley. Hardcover. 3 volumes. 5.25"x7.5", xxvi + 236 ; xxv + 294; xxxvi + 296 pages; some b/w plates. Bound in the original green pebbled cloth with gilt spine titles. A little light cover rubbing; a little internal spotting, endpapers somewhat discolored; front hinge of volume 3 partially torn. Former owner's inkstamp on endpapers.  $175.00
Edition Limited to 50 Copies-
6. Cowper, J.M. The Memorial Inscriptions in The Church and Churchyard of Holy Cross, Westgate, Canterbury. Copied by J.M. Cowper. Canterbury; Cross & Jackman, The Canterbury Press: 1888. Edition limited to 50 copies. Holy Cross Church was founded around 1380 by Archbishop Simon of Sudbury and renovated three times in the 19th century. It was closed in the 1970s, and now serves as a Guildhall. The church sits adjacent to Westgate, at the end of the London Road, the largest surviving city gate in England and the entrance through which the Canterbury pilgrims, including Geoffrey Chaucer, passed to enter the city. Hardcover. 7"x8.5", viii + 104 pages, b/w frontispiece; publisher's brick-red cloth, gilt spine title; from the library of 19th century genealogist and heraldic scholar George W. Marshall, LLD, officer in the College of Arms, and member of the Society of Antiquaries, with his engraved armorial bookplate. Covers a bit soiled, but overall a very nice, clean, tight, desirable copy.  $250.00
A Unique 1840s Scrapbook of Epitaphs-
7. [Epitaphs] 1840 Scrapbook of Epitaph-related material. England; 1840s. A unique and interesting 1840 scrapbook of epitaph-related material, evidently put together by an early Victorian epitaph-enthusiast with wide resources and plenty of time on his hands. The clippings are arranged neatly in double columns, with hundreds of short and medium-length pieces clipped from newspapers, magazines and, regretfully, a few books as well; there are also some penned notes and handwritten sheets. Some of the material is dated in ink, and it appears that the earlier pieces date from the 1770s. There are many epitaphs, and some of the newspaper clippings include notes from readers who found the epitaphs; there are also several historical clippings regarding epitaphs. A fascinating and unique archive of ephemeral material recording epitaphs. Great fun. Hardcover. 7.5"x11", 77 leaves, most with clippings and pages glued to one side, some to both sides; handsome hand-lettered title page with two decorations; one, of a skull, appears to be hand-inked; period marbled boards with a newer leather spine with a black spine label. Boards somewhat rubbed, contents with some scattered soil, a few spots, a margin or two chipped, but overall very nice. Engraved armorial bookplate dated 1880 of the Rev. Charles H. Middleton-Wake, of Christ's College. With -an index card indicating the book was purchased from noted English bookseller David Low on 8/6/54.  $600.00
A Manuscript Collection of Epitaphs-
8. [Epitaphs] Leatherbound Manuscript Collection of Epitaphs. England, early 19th century. A fascinating collection of early epitaphs, dating from the 16th century to 1811 or so, all written in ink on both sides of the first 75 leaves of a handsomely bound (if now very worn) late 18th century leatherbound blank book. The handwriting can be a little hard to decipher, but most is legible. In many cases the compiler has included an introduction explaining the person or circumstance the epitaph relates to. A unique and interesting late-Georgian-Regency epitaph collector's notebook. Hardcover. 4.25"x7", about 75 leaves filled in on both sides; another 75 or so leaves are blank; late 18th or early 19th century full polished calf with a red leather spine label with the single word "Epitaphs" impressed in gilt; covers rather worn, binding cracking in several places, and the spine is cracked several times; a binding in delicate condition. Contents with a little soil and toning, but essentially very nice.  $750.00
9. Frobisher, [Nathaniel]. Frobisher's New Select Collection of Epitaphs; Humorous, Whimsical, Moral & Satyrical. London; Printed for Nath'l Frobisher, in the Pavement, York: no date (1790). A pleasant, well-chosen selection of mostly 17th and 18th century epitaphs, indexed by name and by the first line of each epitaph. The title page contains a pleasing vignette of a mourner in a churchyard by moonlight. Not a common work, with only 9 OCLC listings. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", 216 pages, title-page vignette. Period polished speckled calf with gilt border rules and gilt rules on the spine, separating little gilt harp emblems; label perished; covers with some scuffing; engraved 19th century armorial bookplate of Francis Freeling, the famed book collector, Secretary and reformer of the English Post Office, fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and original member of the Roxburghe Club. Some minor internal spotting and a little toning, but overall a nice, clean, tight copy.  $400.00
10. Goldsmid, Edmund. A Collection of Epitaphs and Inscriptions interesting either from historical associations or quaintness of wording. Edinburgh; Privately Printed: 1885 (and) 1886. One of 75 large paper copies. There was also an edition of 275 small paper copies. The first volume also includes a transcription of a 1598 description of the tombs at Westminster Abbey. Softcover. 2 volumes. 5.5"x9", 54 + 48 pages, original buff printed softcovers. Title pages printed in red and black. Moderate soil to the covers, some internal spotting and a little soil. Spine head and tail of Volume 1 chipped slightly and a slight split along the spine. Both volumes are partially unopened.  $150.00
11. Hackett, John. Select and Remarkable Epitaphs on Illustrious and Other Persons, in Several Parts of Europe, with Translations of such as are in Latin and Foreign Languages. And Compendious Accounts of the Deceased, Their Lives and Works. London; Printed for T. Osborne and J. Shipton, in Gray's Inn: 1757. One of the early English compilations. In his dedication to James Bruce, Hackett notes that this collection of epitaphs was "the Fruits of leisure Hours, when, somewhat grave, and sensible of a Deficiency in that Part of a Man's Cloathing that has so great a Sympathy with the Animal Spirits, I have left Mirth for the Church-Yard, and deserted Folks all alive and merry, for a pensive Hour with the Dead". Hardcover. 2 volumes. 4.25"x7", [ii], 288; 245, [xxi] pages. Volume 1 with an engraved frontispiece showing the interior of a crypt with an open coffin, several skeletons, Muses, cherubs, etc. Bound in 19th or early 20th century full gilt-ruled leather with leather spine labels. Handsome engraved bookplate of Hans Sloane. Covers with light rubbing, a little internal soil and toning.  $350.00
12. Hunt, Cecil. Here I Lie. London; Jonathan Cape: 1932. A collection of humorous and amusing epitaphs collected in England and America by this enthusiast. Illustrated with 6 charming drawings by Maurice Arthur. Hardcover. 5"x7", 111 pages, 6 b/w plates. A near fine copy in the publisher's bright, floral-pattern boards.  $20.00
13. Locke, Arthur H. Portsmouth and Newcastle New Hampshire Cemetery Inscriptions. Abstracts from Some Two Thousand of the Oldest Tombstones. Charlestown; Acme Bookbinding: 1997. A facsimile of the 1907 privately printed edition. A long list of abstracted information on 17th, 18th and early 19th century gravestones from 19 cemeteries. Hardcover. 7"x10", 44 pages, portrait; near fine.  $40.00
14. [Maiben, Frederick] An Original Collection of Extant Epitaphs. Gathered by A Commercial in spare moments. London; F. Maiben: 1870. A charming and personal collection, gathered by the author over a period of ten years he worked as a traveling commercial representative. When he was on the road and had a few spare moments he would wander into the local graveyard and copy down interesting epitaphs. The book is handsomely printed, and includes several line-drawn facsimiles of monuments, decorations and inscriptions. Uncommon. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.5", viii + 88 pages; several b/w illustrations. Original pebbled burgundy cloth with a gilt cover vignette of a gravestone. Light cover soil; a few gathers loose or detached, but all present; slight split in the rear cover along the hinge.  $85.00
15. Merchant, Frank R. Crossing Into Eternity. A Collection of Epitaphs, plus Epistles on Death, Dying and Eternal Life. Published by the author: 1992. An interesting, highly personal survey of epitaphs at several Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts cemeteries. Merchant and his wife, who was dying of cancer at the time, gathered the epitaphs themselves, and these form the background to the author's delving into the history and religious questions surrounding death, burial, cemeteries, and epitaphs. A deeply religious and opinionated man, the author's text nonetheless makes compelling reading, as does his somewhat idiosyncratic spelling and punctuation. A privately published volume and quite scarce. Hardcover. 8.5"x11", 248 pages, b/w illustrations; gilt-lettered black buckram, as issued. Front flyleaf excised, else a nice copy.  $150.00
One of the Earliest English Collections of Epitaphs-
16. Monteith, R[obert]. An Theater of Mortality: or, A Further Collection of Funeral Inscriptions over Scotland... Edinburgh; Printed by the Heirs and Successors of Andrew Anderson: 1713. 2nd Edition. First published in 1704, one of the earliest English-language collections of epitaphs. Monteith dedicated the first edition to the worthy burghers of Edinburgh, and wrote that he hoped that
"This Treatise may serve as a Monitor, to whisper you in the Ear, that you are Men; And tho' you be called Gods, you must die. This sets before you the Memoirs, of those Excellent Worthies, whose Steps you tread and whose Vertues you imitate; and whose (following) Inscriptions, changing only the Names, may be thought just Delineations and Descriptions of your selves, your Way and Walk".
Robert Monteith, A.M., was the son of a merchant in Edinburgh. He took his degree as Master of Arts at the University there in 1662, and was appointed minister of Borgue in Kirkcudbright. In 1682, while serving at Carrington, he was accused of "sundry very gross miscarriages," and eventually deposed for drunkenness. Monteith then made a precarious living by publishing books and writing funeral elegies, and became noted especially for his book "Theater of Mortality". He died in Edinburgh on the 6th September 1719. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", [i] [vi] 280 pages. Bound in full period polished calf with gilt spine decorations; handsome engraved bookplate of William Nisbet of Dirleton. Covers with some wear, spine rubbed. Text a little browned.  $375.00
17. Monteith, Robert, et al. Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions, chiefly in Scotland. Glasgow; Printed for D. MacVean: 1834. The most extensive work on epitaphs in Scotland at the time it was published. Based in part on Robert Montieth's "Theater of Mortality", one of the earliest English-language books on epitaphs, with many original additions which appeared here for the first time. Indexed by name. Hardcover. 4.5"x7.5", iv + 369 pages, lithographed frontispiece. Old pebbled cloth with a paper spine label. Covers somewhat worn and soiled, cloth cracked and lightly chipped along the outer hinges; newer endpapers; a few spots.  $125.00
18. A Nice Arrangement of Epitaphs. Cambridge; W. Heffer & Sons Ltd: 1964. A collection of 9 epitaphs, written by writers ranging from Ben Johnson and Alexander Pope to Walter de la Mare and A.E. Housman, each illustrated with a dramatic woodcut by Pamela Hughes, who also contributed the dramatic, full-page woodcut that decorates the cover and title page. Uncommon. Softcover. 6"x9", decorated title page, 11 pages, b/w woodcuts by Pamela Hughes. A fine copy.  $50.00
19. Northend, Charles. A Book of Epitaphs, Amusing, Curious, and Quaint; being Light Readings on Grave Subjects. To which are added a few pages of inscriptions deemed appropriate for use. New York; G.W. Carleton & Co.: 1873. The first edition of this popular book. The author says that he has compiled this volume from a variety of sources including two English books which he does not identify. An interesting collection despite the nagging feeling that the provenance of some of these isn't what it should be... Hardcover. 5"x7.5", 171 pages plus an 8 page catalog of books. Burgundy-colored pebbled cloth with gilt spine title. Light cover soil, endpapers just a bit faded, but overall a nice copy.  $50.00
20. Palliser, F. & M.A. Mottoes for Monuments or Epitaphs selected for study or application. London; John Murray: 1872. A wonderful compilation of epitaphs intended for the use of the enthusiastic Victorian browsing for his own (or someone else's) gravestone epitaph. The text is illustrated with plates after Flaxman and others, as well as nice decorative vignettes of mourning flowers and other thematic composition, which lends a certain elegance to the proceedings. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", vi + 156 pages, + 32 page book catalog. 10 b/w plates, many text illustrations. Purple cloth with gilt emblem and title. Spine sunned, else a very nice copy.  $125.00
21. Pike, Robert E. Granite Laughter and Marble Tears. Epitaphs of Old New England. Brattleboro; Stephen Daye Press: 1938. An interesting excursion through the graveyards of New England, organized by state. The compilers' selections are not boisterously humorous, but rather represent a thoughtful cross-section of the curious and interesting with some dry Yankee humor thrown in. The photographs illustrate some very striking stones and monuments and there are additional descriptions of some cemeteries and stones which are worth reading. An early popular regional study. Hardcover. 8"x11", 80 pages, 41+ b/w illustrations, dj. Jacket with wear and some tears.  $40.00
22. Popham, Edward. Illustrium Virorum Elogia Sepulchralia. London; Prostant Venales apud J. Dodsley: 1778. A curious collection of Latin elegiacs, most from the 17th and early 18th centuries. The dedication, to George Spencer, Duke of Marlborough, is also written in Latin verse. Hardcover. 6"x9", iv + 327 pages + engraved frontispiece. Rebound in black cloth with a leather label; new endpapers. Light cover rubbing. Text a bit browned, slight internal soil, title page with slight offsetting from the frontispiece.  $125.00
23. Pulleyn, William. Church=Yard Gleanings, and Epigrammatic Scraps: being a collection of remarkable Epitaphs and Epigrams... London; Samuel Maunder: nd (1830). "Compiled from the most ancient as well as modern sources, foreign and domestic, serious and facetious; to which are annexed some observations on churches, church-yards, rites of sepulture, tombs, and mausoleums; with instructions for ascertaining the dates of ancient monuments." A nice collection, half epitaphs and half other epigrams. The engraved frontispiece shows the author hard at work in the middle of a graveyard. Hardcover. 4.5"x8", i-iv, vii-xxiii, 264 pages; engraved frontispiece. Bound in old boards with a plain leather spine, covers somewhat worn and soiled; a little internal spotting.  $175.00
24. As above, Hardcover. 4.5"x8", i-iv, vii-xxiii, 264 pages; engraved frontispiece. Bound in period (original?) plain boards. Covers with some soil and wear; spine heavily chipped at the base and top, with about a half inch of loss at the top and a quarter at the bottom. Hinges chipped and split, with the two covers held in place by several of the binding cords. A bit of soil internally.  $100.00
25. [Richings, Rev. Benjamin]. A General Volume of Epitaphs, original and selected: with a large selection of striking and appropriate Texts of Scripture and an Historical and Moral Essay, on the subject. London; J.W. Parker: 1840. After a "short" 77-page introduction in which he touches on the history of burial and many aspects of Christian burial, the author offers 506 epitaphs suitable for use, organized by subject- Infancy; Youth; Manhood; Old Age; Clerical; Naval and Military; Servants; the Blind or Deaf; and Scriptural texts. This title was revised and reissued in 1858 as "Voices from the Tombs". Hardcover. 5.25"x8.25", lxxvii + 165 pages. Bound in the original ribbed brown cloth with a gilt casket decoration on the cover. Covers with some wear; spine perished (but several pieces preserved inside the front cover); a little internal soil.  $150.00
26. A Select Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions, with Anecdotes of Distinguished Extraordinary Persons. Ipswich; J. Raw: 1806. An interesting early collection of English epitaphs, selected for their interest or excellence. "The following pages contain the Epitaphs of many whose lives have been the most distinguished in the annals of fame or longevity, whose excellencies, or eccentricity, have called forth the exertions of the powers of varied genius". The book is decorated with a handsome frontispiece which shows two fashionable young ladies and an older gentleman admiring a handsomely carved gravestone in a churchyard. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", xv + 230 pages, engraved frontispiece. Bound in old boards with a newer cloth spine (strictly a utilitarian rather than decorative spine). Covers worn, a little internal browning and light spotting.  $100.00
27. A Select Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions, with Anecdotes of Distinguished Extraordinary Persons Epitaphs [and other volumes] Ipswich; J.Raw: 1806. Four epitaph titles bound together. In addition to the first (anonymous) work, this includes- "Church=Yard Gleanings, and Epigrammatic Scraps: being a collection of remarkable Epitaphs and Epigrams..." by William Pulleyn (London: 1830); "[Epitaphia], or, A collection of memorials, inscribed to the memory of good and faithful servants, copied on the spot, in various cemetaries throughout the counties of Berks, Buckingham, (etc)." by J.W. Streeten (London: 1826); "Church-yard Gleanings, or, A Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions" (Derby, no date, c.1840). This last title has a nice folding frontispiece showing a churchyard, although it is somewhat strongly colored, and the edges have been trimmed right up to, and in some cases into the text (in these case nicking off small parts of the outermost letters). Hardcover. 4"x6.5", xv + 230 pages + engraved frontispiece; xxiii + 264 pages; xii + 312 pages; 24 pages + folding colored frontispiece. Bound in 19th century plain quarter leather with marbled boards. Covers somewhat worn and rubbed; spine head chipped at one corner; a little internal soil and spotting.  $250.00
28. Slafter, Rev. Carlos. Epitaphs in the Old Burial Place, Dedham, Mass. Dedham; Dedham Historical Society: 1888. The oldest stone (illustrated on the b/w plate) dates to 1678. Softcover. 6.5"x9.5", 53 pages, 1 b/w plate. Covers with some chips, spine partially split; a pretty good copy of a very brittle and tender booklet.  $50.00
29. Sparrow, John. Grave Epigrams. Bembridge; Printed by Simon Rendall in an edition of 200 copies: 1974. A curious volume of 11 poems, all either on the subject of death and mortality or in the form of actual epitaphs or epigrams. John Sparrow, whose 25-year Wardenship of All Souls College at Oxford was devoted to a fierce resistance to its being tugged, kicking and screaming, into the 20th century, was also a prolific writer and poet of some ability. Here, for instance, is 'Upon Stone, an Engraver- A stone above, a stone below; meet it was to shroud him so; fitting too that he should have; grave words graven on his grave; Here this precious stone shall stay; till Resurrection Day; angels roll the stone away". Sparrow was also a famous book collector whose motto was "never lend books, never give them away, never sell them, and never read them". Softcover. 7"x8.75", 23 pages; decoration incorporating a willow by Reynolds Stone on the cover; a fine copy.  $100.00
30. [Streeten, J. W.] Epitaphia [Greek letters], or, A collection of memorials, inscribed to the memory of good and faithful servants, copied on the spot, in various cemetaries throughout the counties of Berks, Buckingham, (etc). London; Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green: 1826. An early survey of English gravestones. The counties included are: Berks, Buckingham, Derby, Essex, Gloucester, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Northampton, Oxford, Salop, Stafford, Surrey, Warwick, Worcester, and York. The text itself is elegantly set up, with each page devoted to a separate epitaph, all set within a pleasing yet simple geometric border. A handsome Regency-style presentation. Hardcover. 4.5"x7.5", xii + 312 pages. With the handsome bookplates of George Prideaux and "Townshend". Bound in old plain boards with a pebbled cloth spine. Covers very worn, top and bottom of spine perished; endpapers and preliminaries somewhat spotted.  $85.00
31. T., E.M. Into the Silent Land: Epitaphs Quaint, Curious, Historic. Copied Chiefly from Tombstones, by E.M.T., with comments and illustrations. London; Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co.:nd (ca.1893). An interesting late Victorian epitaph book; the author apologizes for the fact that many of the 16th-18th century epitaphs are not exactly what Victorians thought of as being in "good taste".
"From early times the satirical, the punning, the bombastic, and the malicious epitaph have been indulged in. Our ancestors seem to have frequently looked upon the churchyard as a fair field for mirth at the expense of the departed. Gibes, allusions to deformities, misfortunes, or peculiarities often meet the eye, puns and double entendres are set forth, and we are sometimes puzzled to account for the levity and want of good taste displayed by survivors, who could think it worth their while to record in stone their neighbors' foibles and peccadilloes."
She offers several explanations for this of which this is by far the most interesting- "The village churchyard would oftentimes be a place of rendezvous in the long summer evenings, the tombstone inscriptions would be read, criticized, applauded or condemned, and if they caused a laugh or contained a good joke, so much the better."
This book is usually found bound in cloth with 4 pasted-in albumen plates, not limp cloth covers, with no bound-in plates, as this one is. This appear to be an unrecorded "cheap" edition, not a defective copy, but is in any case priced considerably below what we would price the illustrated edition. Limp cloth covers. 7.5"x10", viii, 127 pages. Light cover wear, tips a bit bumped, some internal soil especially around the endpapers, but overall a nice copy.  $100.00
32. Unger, Frederick W. Epitaphs. A unique collection of post mortem comment, obituary wit, and quaint and gruesome fancy. Philadelphia; The Penn Publishing Company: 1906. 2nd Prtg. The author had made a detailed study of past epitaph literature and attempted to include only previously unrecorded epitaphs or those that had only appeared in "rare publications, long out of print". Hardcover. 4.75"x6", 169 pages + 15 pages of book listings. A fine copy in a lightly worn jacket with one 1" closed tear.  $45.00
33. Wallis, Charles L. Stories on Stone. A Book of American Epitaphs. New York; Oxford University Press: 1954. An annotated selection grouped by subject matter and indexed by name and locality. There are more than 750 interesting inscriptions gathered from 48 states, "commemorating the deaths of statesmen, eccentrics, and prize cows, among others". Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", 272 pages, b/w chapter head illustrations, dj; bibliography. Light soil, some wear, jacket torn; endpapers discolored.  $25.00
34. Weever, John. Ancient Funerall Monuments within the United Monarchie of Great Britain, Ireland, and the Islands adjacent, with the dissolved Monastaries therein contained; their Founders, and what eminent Persons have beene in the same interred... London; Thomas Harper: 1631.
"As also the death and burial of certaine of the Bloud Royale; the Nobilitie and Gentrie of these Kingdomes entombed in forraine Nations... whereunto is prefixed a Discourse of Funerall Monuments...".
Despite its over-reaching title, Weever's study covers the Diocese of London, Canterbury, Rochester and Norwich -other volumes may have been planned, but this one took the author 30 years to research, and he died just a few months after it was published. Although Weever's transcription skills have been criticized, he also offers the only extant record of many stones and monuments now obliterated, so this remains as an important (and heavy) record.
As a history of Medieval monuments and eminent personages, Weever has been used as a reference source by many historians and writers, amongst them the famous boy forger of Bristol, Thomas Chatterton. Weever himself was a graduate of Queen's College and a most interesting fellow- Ian Wright describes him in an essay on the Queen's College website as "an extraordinarily interesting and eccentric character - connoisseur of graveyards, tobacco-enthusiast, sycophant, satirist, dwarf, penner of dirty ditties, egotist, pugnacious Lancashire man and proud of it... (the book) testifies to the breadth of his literary interests- it is packed with literary allusions and quotations".
Weever was also a poet and traveled in literary circles; he was an ardent admirer of Shakespeare, and wrote the earliest known poem addressed to Shakespeare. In his essay Wright delves into the Weever-Shakespeare connection at some length, making a good case not only that the two were acquainted, but that Weever's own life and works may throw new light on Shakespeare's "lost years", through a connection with the prominent Houghton family, that ends up with Shakespeare having been a tutor at Houghton Tower. He also points out that Weever's "Faunus and Melliflora", written in 1600, "has a section with close verbal echoes of the nunnery scene in Hamlet". Now the date Hamlet was written remains controversial, but most scholars have fixed it at 1601. That, however, is a year after Weever's "Faunus". Wright continues- "Either - as I believe myself - the experts are wrong about the date of Hamlet or it was Shakespeare who borrowed from Weever, not vice versa!"
But all of this has strayed quite far from the book at hand- "Ancient Funerall Monuments" remains a fitting monument to the memory of this incredibly interesting antiquary. The book was handsomely printed with a variety of typefaces, ruled margins, woodcuts and decorated initial letters.
Hardcover. 8"x11.5", [viii] + [ii] + errata leaf + 871 + xiv pages; portrait frontispiece and decorated title page, with 5 additional full-page woodcuts and 15 woodcuts in the text; numerous decorated initial letters. Contains the portrait frontispiece of the author, the extra engraved title page, and the original index, some or all of which are often lacking. Bound in 19th century polished calf with gilt rules and corner emblems; gilt dentelles; marbled endpapers; a fine and stately binding. Covers with light rubbing and a little darkening; hinges cracked at the outer gutters and wobbly. Included are two airmail letters from the mid 1950s concerning the book from noted English bookseller David Low, to an American collector. The first praises the copy as "spanking", and offers to send it, which he apparently did. The second expresses dismay that the hinges were "broken" in transit, and offers to have them repaired.  $1,500.00
35. Whitmore, William H. The Graveyards of Boston. First Volume, Copp's Hill Epitaphs. Albany; Joel Munsell: 1878. Copp's Hill Burial Ground was the second cemetery laid out in Boston, after King's Chapel Cemetery. Many early Boston notables are buried there, including the Mathers, Increase and Cotton. Whitmore offers a complete revision of Bridgman's 1852 work, complete with an attack on Bridgman for leaving stones out, adding a few that were not there (???) and getting some inscriptions wrong. Hardcover. 6"x9", 116 pages, several line illustrations; original pebbled cloth; spine faded, spine head slightly pulled, light foxing.  $125.00
Gravestones & Gravestone Carvers
36. Bunnen, Lucinda & Virginia Warren Smith. Scoring in Heaven. Gravestones and Cemetery Art of the American Sunbelt States. New York; Aperture Books: 1991. A wonderful pictorial survey of the odd, unusual and moving in gravestones and grave ornaments, selected from cemeteries in the American South and Southwest. Ranging from touching to outrageous, sentimental to humorous to campy, the large format and clear photographs bring these monuments to "life", as it were... A hugely enjoyable journey. Hardcover. 11.5"x12", 164 pages, color and b/w illustrations, dj; light wear; a nice copy.  $75.00
37. Chase, Theodore & Laurel K. Gabel. John Gaud: Boston and Connecticut Gravestone Carver, 1693-1750. [contained in] The Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, Spring, 1985. A well-documented article throwing much light on early gravestone carving in New England. Softcover. 6"x9", article- pp.74-104; entire issue length- 50 pages; article with 14 b/w and 4 line illustrations; light wear.  $25.00
38. Clayton, Muriel. Catalogue of Rubbings of Brasses and Incised Slabs. London; HMSO: 1979. An updated edition of a catalog first publish in 1915, of the rubbings of monumental brasses in the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum. Of the several thousands of rubbings in the V&A's collection, 627 were identified and catalogued for the first time in this edition. Indexed by place and name. Softcover. 7"x9.5", xiv + 250 pages, plus 72 b/w plates; light wear.  $20.00
39. Combs, Diana Williams. Eighteenth-Century Gravestone Art in Georgia and South Carolina. Emory University: 1978/Ann Arbor; UMI Reprints. A dissertation attempting to document all the 18th century iconic gravestones in Georgia and South Carolina. Comb-bound. 8.5"x11", 718 pages, poor b/w illustrations; bibliography. A reprint from microfilm, with consequent (almost total) degradation of b/w photos. New.  $65.00
An Interesting Barre Granite Catalog-
40. Complete Granite Estimates, Based on Barre Granite also adapted for other Granites giving the Complete Costs for Cutting and Finishing Numerous Sizes and Styles and Finishes of Stones, including Stock... Chicago; Charles H. Gall: 1911. "Also methods and basis rates used in estimating, with numerous illustrations for variations. All arranged for quick reference. With an addenda illustrating some orders of architecture and a brief glossary of architectural terms". Complete tables for estimating the cost of any part of a marble monument, with tables for dies, caps, plinths, crosses, steps, columns, shafts, markers, and various types of decorative carving, with simple line illustrations to show each type and style. Uncommon. Softcover. 5.5"x10.5", 192 pages, line illustrations. Publisher's leatherette covers with gilt title; covers worn, tips chipped, some general soil. Obviously a copy which saw extensive use, but with tight hinges.  $150.00
41. Druitt, Herbert. A Manual of Costume as Illustrated by Monumental Brasses. London; Alexander Moring Ltd.: 1906. One of the most popular hobbies surrounding monumental brasses of the Medieval Period through the 16th and 17th centuries is to use them as clothes horses of a type- to examine them to see how people were dressed during various periods. I shall not delve into the hazards of attributing specific styles in this manner; others better versed than I have done so much more convincingly. However, it does seem to be generally agreed that there is something to be learned from such study, and the resources the brasses afford are certainly generous. This early study groups the brasses, as they usually are grouped, by type of dress and gender. Hardcover. 6"x9", xxii + 384 pages, many b/w plates; light wear, a nice copy.  $60.00
A Classic Reference, Limited to 780 Copies-
42. Forbes, Harriette M. Gravestones of Early New England And the Men who made them, 1653-1800. Boston; Houghton Mifflin: 1927. Edition limited to 780 copies. Not only a study of gravestone design, but also of the craft of the 17th and 18th century stoneworker, with much information about individuals who lived and worked in New England. "An important study containing whole chapters on such important stonecutters as the Lamsons of Charlestown and the Fosters of Dorchester. An appendix lists alphabetically the New England stonecutters working before 1800" (Garrett & Garrett). Hardcover. 7.5"x10.5", 141 pages, plus numerous b/w plates; covers with some light wear and soil, tips rubbed, etc. Contents with a little scattered soil, frontispiece foxed, with offsetting to the title page.  $200.00
43. Friswell, Richard. Faces in Stone. The Early American Gravestone as Primitive Art. Belmont; Richard Friswell: 1971. An enthusiastic early guide, self-published by an amateur. Contains no intensely original insights, but an interesting overview of history, symbolism, etc. Features quirky use of psuedo-18th century typefaces and some rather original spelling (devine?). Softcover. 5.5"x8.5", 19 pages, line illustrations; light wear.  $20.00
44. Gillon, Edmund V. Jr. Early New England Gravestone Rubbings. New York; Dover Publications: 1966. A pictorial survey of early New England gravestones in rubbings and photographs. Softcover. 8.5"x11", 26 pages of text plus 195 b/w plates. Light wear, a little cover rubbing, etc.  $25.00
Two German Moderne Gravestone Catalogs-
45. Grabschmuck. Katalog No.11 [and] Katalog No.17. Wurtemburg; Ernst Strassacker: ca. 1930 & 1936. A wonderful pair of trade catalogs of memorial figures and decorations for monuments and gravestones, issued by a German bronze foundry. Each features a wide array of figures, urns, vases, crosses, plaques, gates, pediments and other cast decorative elements, many with a distinctly Art Deco or Moderne feeling. The vast majority of the iconography is Christian, but each catalog does feature a dozen or so Jewish items, and the 1936 catalog features a selection of Hebrew letters in the fonts section. There are also brass symbols for various trades, and a selection of Masonic emblems. A very interesting pair of catalogs. 2 catalogs. Softcover. 9"x11.5", 81 pages and 120 pages; filled with b/w illustrations; covers a bit sunned around the edge; several cover creases; some soil; a few pages of Catalog 11 with moderate soil.  $275.00
A Modern Classic, Limited to 475 Copies-
47. Neal, Avon & Ann Parker. Early American Stone Sculpture Found in the Burying Grounds of New England. New York; Sweetwater Editions: 1981. Edition limited to 475 numbered copies. A very important and elegant study of early New England gravestone carving, featuring 42 color reproductions of rubbings of the decorative details on selected stones, which are also illustrated with a full-stone black & white photo and discussed in detail. Neal and Parker began rubbing stones in the 1960s, and presented their first portfolio on the subject in 1963. This second portfolio is begun with an interesting illustrated essay on early New England stone carving, followed by the rubbings and discussion of 42 selected stones. There is also an interesting bibliography. Hardcover, pictorial boards with leather spine. 16x11, 114 pages with b/w illustrations, plus 42 toned plates. Clamshell box with paper label. Book fine, box a bit worn and slightly bowed along the edges. These books were issued with a separate, additional hand-rubbing, matted and ready for framing, which is NOT PRESENT here (evidently somebody went and framed it, go figure). The book is priced accordingly, which represents a good opportunity to buy this important book for about half what is normally charged for it.  $1,000.00
48. Page-Phillips, John. Macklin's Monumental Brasses. London; George Allen and Unwin: 1970. 2nd prtg. An updating and revision of Macklin's classic "Monumental Brasses", which was first published in 1890. Includes a bibliography, as well as a list of figure brasses remaining in churches in the United Kingdom. Softcover. 6.5"x8.25", 188 pages, b/w illustrations; bibliography. Light wear, a little soil.  $20.00
Even Doves are Bad!
49. [Paget, Rev. Francis Edward]. A Tract Upon Tomb-Stones; or, Suggestions for the Consideration of Persons Intending to Set Up That Kind of Monument to the Memory of Deceased Friends. Rugeley; John Thomas Walters: 1843. The Reverend Paget [1806-1882], rector of Elford, did not care for much of what he saw in mid-19th century churchyards. Among the things that disturbed him- epitaphs made up of too-effusive flattery & "lies" meant to gloss-over the reputations and deeds of disreputable characters; epitaphs that ask the reader to pray for the souls of the deceased which bear "a reference to the Popish doctrine of Purgatory" (no praying for the souls of the deceased, if you please); epitaphs declaring the deceased to be worthy of Heaven or an innocent (as in a child), because all Men are sinners in the eyes of God; epitaphs that declare the deceased to be in Heaven -this is a problem because, well, hey, you never know, do you?
The Rev. Paget also deplores pedigrees and genealogies being carved upon tombstones; he dislikes slate tombstones; he dislikes silver and gold lettering and the use of fancy fonts and effects; he disapproves of jokes and poetry in epitaphs and is driven to the depths of outrage and despair by epitaphs which set out, often at length, the ailment the deceased died of. What really drives him to distraction are tombstone carvings- lambs, cherubs, scythes -all are bad, and even worse if they follow the modern fashion and are painted out in bright colors. Even doves are bad- "unfit even for the best of us". And let us not talk of urns. God forbid anyone use an urn -it is a pagan symbol!
What is appropriate? A cross, and a short epitaph, best left to the suggestion of your local clergyman. The Reverend Paget, a member of the Lichfield Society for the Encouragement of Ecclesiastical Architecture, is happy to illustrate 7 examples provided by the Society, all of which are quite lovely in a vaguely neo-Gothic way, two of which are designs for wooden markers, and several of which, interestingly, incorporate Celtic-style crosses and decorative work.
An interesting Victorian-era work by a man who did not like what he was seeing in churchyards -no siree, not one little bit! This volume was reprinted in 1847 and 1853; none is common; OCLC locates just 11 copies of this edition. Hardcover. 5.25"x8", 25 pages plus 7 lithographed plates; original softcovers perished, and newly bound into marbled boards with a paper label; slight torn area inside the upped spine just visible, but else a fine, neat, clean copy.  $200.00
50. As Above, London; Joseph Masters: 1853. 3rd edition. Softcover. 5.25"x8", 23 pages plus 7 lithographed plates; spine neatly reinforced, covers bit soiled, else a nice, clean copy of a fragile pamphlet. OCLC locates 4 copies.  $200.00
51. [Photographs] An interesting archive of original gravestone photographs. ca. 1940s. An interesting archive of b/w photographs of gravestones, each number-keyed to a descriptive typescript. The stones were chosen for some item of interest -early stones, stones with unusual or striking epitaphs, and so on. A very interesting, and obviously unique, privately assembled collection. In almost all cases the town & state of the cemetery is identified. There is a handwritten note on the typescript dated 1949. Approximately 171 original 5"x7", b/w photographs of gravestones from various parts of the country. Contained in a cardboard box, with 8 pages of typescript numbering and briefly describing each photo. Photos curled, several with some damage. Typescript browned and brittle.  $500.00
An Early Photographic Study of Boston Gravestones-
52. Rowlands, Walter. Curious Old Gravestones in and about Boston. Boston; 1924. The fifty stones are presented in chronological order and proceed from the 1653 stone of Samuel Danforth in Roxbury to the 1807 stone of Henry Roby on Copp's Hill. The stones were photographed by Howland Shaw Chandler. Rowlands was employed in the Fine Arts Division in the Boston Public Library and Chandler was an architect, and this lent a certain antiquarian-scholarly tinge to the selection and photographing of the stones, which were selected for their designs or odd antiquarian interest rather than because they were the monuments to famous people. A noted early photographic survey of Boston gravestones, and becoming increasingly uncommon. Hardcover. 10"x12", string-tied portfolio housing a title page, preface page, 2 pages listing the plates, and 50 b/w heliotype plates, all loose, as issued. Light wear, a little soil to the covers and the edge of the title page, but a very nice copy.  $250.00
53. Schwartzman, Arnold. Graven Images. Graphic Motifs of the Jewish Gravestone. New York; Harry N. Abrams: 1993. Author/photographer Schwartzman assembled more than 200 photos of carved gravestones from 38 Jewish cemeteries in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Rumania. "A surprisingly spirited view of a usually somber subject". Hardcover. 8"x6.5", 144 pages, loaded with color illustrations, dj; a near fine copy.  $35.00
54. Stone, Gaynell. Spatial and Material Aspects of Culture: Ethnicity and Ideology in Long Island Gravestones, 1670-1820. State University of New York at Stony Brook: 1987/Ann Arbor; UMI Reprints. A dissertation on gravestones found at a crossroads of New England and New Netherlands cultures representing ten different religious denominations and nine ethnic groups. Comb-bound. 8.5"x11", 400 pages, poor b/w illustrations. A reprint from microfilm, with consequent (almost total) degradation of b/w photos. New.  $65.00
55. Tashjian, Dickran & Ann. Memorials for Children of Change. The Art of Early New England Stonecarving. Middletown; Wesleyan University Press: 1974. A broad-based study of 17th and 18th century gravestones of New England. The Tashjians consider the stones as works of art within the context of Puritan society. Their revisionist interpretation of Puritan grave art is drawn both from period theological writings as well as a detailed analysis of funeral rituals, and a comparison of gravestones to secular art forms of that era, such as furniture making, portraiture and needlework. Hardcover. 7"x10", 309 pages, b/w illustrations, dj; bibliography. A nice copy.  $50.00
56. [trade card] Trade Card for Portsmouth, New Hampshire Marble Works. Portsmouth; no date (c.1870-1900). The cards reads- "Borthwick & Welsh, Marble Workers. Constantly on hand - Foreign and American Marble for Gravestones & Monuments, Shops in Exeter, Front St., near the Depot of the Boston & Maine Railroad, and at No.18 Bow St., Portsmouth, N.H." I haven't been able to find much information on Borthwick & Welsh, but the Salisbury Point Cemetery in Amesbury, Massachusetts has an 1846 stone signed by the firm. 1 Card. 2.5"x3.5", black ink on cream stock, using several fancy lettering fonts. Slight soil.  $40.00
Graveyards & Cemeteries
57. Albro, John A. An Address delivered at the Consecration of the Cambridge Cemetery, November 1, 1854, by John A. Albro, D.D., together with Preliminary Remarks by His Honor the Mayor. Cambridge [Massachusetts]; Metcalf and Co.: 1854. Softcover. 6"x8.5", 35 pages; publisher's paper covers, lacks rear cover and front cover detached and chipped but present; spine missing; string bound and separating into four signatures; small stamp and pen note on cover; contents slightly soiled.  $50.00
58. Baker, T. The Laws relating to Burials in England and Wales...with Notes, Forms, and Practical Instructions. London; W. Maxwell: 1855. Up to about 1850 the state of burial law in England was virtually nonexistent -quite literally, anything went, with resulting problems which can be only too well imagined. Starting in 1850 a succession of Burial Acts and Revisions were enacted that attempted to bring the chaos into order and safeguard the health of the public and the dignity of the dead. Baker, a barrister of the Inner Temple specializing in Burial Acts, has here set forth the news laws in their entirety, with all the revisions properly inserted. Topics covered include the closure of old burial grounds; the appointment of Burial Boards; proceedings of Burial Boards; the provision of new burial grounds; the rights of parties regarding fees; registration of burials; rating and protection of new burial grounds; reception and conveyance of the dead; burial of poor persons; and regulation by the Secretary of State. This is followed by the texts of the Acts, and that is followed by a section of forms for various purposes. A comprehensive and fascinating look at Victorian Burial Law reform. Uncommon. Hardcover. 4.5"x7.5", v + 173 pages; publisher's original black textured cloth with gilt cover title; light internal soil; old bookplate; a very nice copy.  $350.00
59. Curl, James Stevens. A Celebration of Death. An introduction to some of the buildings, monuments, and settings of funerary architecture in the Western European tradition. New York; Charles Scribner's Sons: 1980. A wide-ranging survey, starting in ancient times, progressing through the Etruscans, Greeks and Romans, then going on to the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Baroque. Curl then discusses the 17th and 18th century crisis of overcrowded cemeteries, the building of mausoleums and other memorial buildings, the development of cemeteries in Britain in the 19th century, J.C. Loudon and the Garden Cemetery movement, other great 19th century cemeteries in Europe and America, the development of cremation and other alternatives, and war cemeteries and memorials. A wide-ranging, far-reaching study, fully illustrated. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", 404 pages, illustrated throughout in b/w, dj; bibliography. Light wear, but a very nice copy.  $150.00
60. Elliot, Huger. Memorial Art. Cambridge; Granite, Marble & Bronze:1923. Edition limited to 300 numbered copies. A series of articles first published in Granite, Marble and Bronze magazine, focusing on good taste in memorials of all types, including tombs, columns, stones, lettering, ornament, etc., over the centuries. The mandate of "good taste" gives the author much latitude and gives this work some depth as an historical survey, though not a comprehensive one. Above all, the author is distressed by the poor taste shown in some early 20th century memorial art- "Every kind of odd shape is used- real boulders, boulders imitated with the chisel, masses that suggest in miniature the boxes in which upright pianos are packed... a large marble figure (of the type one sees made of sugar and placed on wedding cakes) posing at one corner; the distorted imaginings of untrained minds following no precedents -striking out blindly in search of something new". No, Elliot Huger was not amused. Hardcover. 8.5"x11", 172 pages with 13 text figures, plus 24 b/w plates; lightly worn covers, front hinge cracked and wobbly.  $125.00
61. Gillon, Edmund V. Jr. Victorian Cemetery Art. New York; Dover Publications: 1972. An original compilation of photographs taken by Gillon, with a good introductory essay. The photographs include views from both well-known and lesser-known cemeteries. Hardcover. 8"x11", 173 pages, 260 b/w illustrations; uncommon pictorial hardcover library binding issued by the publisher, and this is certainly ex-library, with pocket removed, stamps, marks, etc; moderate wear, front endpapers removed. A good reference copy in sturdy hardcovers.  $50.00
62. Goodman, Fred. The Secret City. Woodlawn Cemetery and the Buried History of New York. New York; Broadway Books: 2004. Woodlawn Cemetery is a massive necropolis of 400 immaculately maintained acres that serve as the final resting place for 300,000 New Yorkers. Each story presents an exceptional individual buried there- phrenologist and publisher Orson Fowler, ASPCA founder Henry Bergh, Gilded Age railroad magnate Austin Corbin, political satirist Finley Peter Dunne, 'Boy Mayor' John Purroy Mitchel, attorney Francis Garvan, sculptor Attilio Piccirilli, Harlem Renaissance poet Countee Cullen, leftist East Harlem Congressman Vito Marcantonio, and pioneering aviatrix Ruth Nichols. Tying together these tales is the narrative of the author's discovery of Woodlawn and his research, demystifying a city whose fabulous history is too often interred with its inhabitants". Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", b/w illustrations, dj. New.  $15.00
63. [Grave Robbing] "Tear Down the College!" [contained in] The Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, April, 1969. The text of a letter from a student at Yale Medical School about an incident in January, 1823. A body was discovered to have been stolen from a local graveyard and it was found, after a search, in the Medical School's basement. An outraged mob of several hundred citizens then tried to torch Yale Medical School and battled local militia for two nights running. An interesting short lesson in how locals sometimes viewed the theft of corpses for medical uses. Softcover. 6"x9", article- pp.50-52, 1 b/w illustration; bulletin- 31 pages, b/w illustrations; fine.  $10.00
64. Gray, Thomas. Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard. New York; The Heritage Press: 1951. "Beneath those rugged elms,- that yew tree's shade, - Where heaves the turf in - many a mould'ring heap, - Each in his narrow - cell for ever laid, - The rude Forefathers - of the hamlet sleep". A nicely printed, beautifully illustrated edition of this famous poem, with an introduction by Hugh Walpole and illustrated with reproductions of wood engravings by Agnes Miller Parker, which were from sketches made in the churchyard in question at Stokes Poges. Hardcover. 6.5"x10", 92 pages, many b/w illustrations; publisher's dark blue cloth with a silver, embossed design; slipcase; light wear, but a very nice copy.  $40.00
Fighting Bad Taste in Cemeteries... One Cherub at a Time.
65. Kelke, W. Hastings. The Churchyard Manual. Intended Chiefly for Rural Districts. London; C. Cox: 1851. An interesting reformer's text, meant to improve the character and decoration of rural churchyards. Town church yards were, the author had concluded, too crowded to admit of reform, but country grounds had no such problem. They had other problems though- "too often they present a neglected and an unbecoming appearance; and still more frequently they contain, and continue to receive, memorials of an objectionable character".
Kelke includes designs for gravestones and tombs, and a complete list of inscriptions and epitaphs that may not be found objectionable. His text covers cemeteries, and churchyard memorials and their decorations, about which he has strong opinions-
"The ornaments of some modern memorials give them a fantastic and ridiculous appearance. A cherub's head, with puffed cheeks and outspread wings, formed by one continuous line of clever flourishing, adorns the upper part of the memorial, while the inscription, written in letters of various shape and character, is also embellished with a profusion of unmeaning flourishes. Such specimens of ornamental penmanship may be necessary in the writing-master's copy book, but are utterly unbecoming the gravity of sepulchral memorials. On the same principle gaudy colouring ought to be excluded. Yet the undiscriminating mania for mediaeval taste commends the one and condemns the other. A tomb, the receptacle of man's perishing remains, should not be tricked out with gorgeously emblazoned ornaments or illuminated letters, which give it a gaudy and flaunting appearance, perfectly inconsistent with its real nature and purpose. However brightened by the resurrection of our Lord, and robbed of its terrors to the true Christian, the grave is still a solemn object".
Hardcover. 4.5"x6.75", xii + 154 pages, frontispiece vignette of a country church; 16 text illustrations of designs for headstones and tombs; publisher's original ribbed black cloth with a blindstamped Gothic design; gilt title. Slight split in the outer hinge at the top, and slight chipping to the spine head and base, and a little light internal soil, else a fine, bright copy. Tipped-in errata slip. Old Gothic-design bookplate. Presentation inscription to the Yorkshire Architectural Society from Rev. A. (illegible) Ba(??)y".  $400.00
66. Linden-Ward, Blanche. Silent City on a Hill. Landscapes of Memory and Boston's Mount Auburn Cemetery. Columbus; Ohio State University Press: 1989. A complete illustrated history and survey of Cambridge's (not Boston's) Mount Auburn Cemetery, the first garden cemetery in America. An outstanding, well documented, heavily illustrated book. Hardcover. 8.5"x11", 403 pages, b/w illustrations dj; bibliography; light wear; jacket with several tears.  $150.00
67. Memorial Art. Volume 1, No.4. April, 1932. Granite Manufacturers' Association of Quincy, Mass.: 1932. A quarterly periodical issued by the Granite Manufacturers Association with short notes on the granite gravestone trade, illustrations of new designs and effects, and many advertisements. Softcover. 5"x7.5", 34 pages, b/w illustrations; some soil.  $20.00
68. [Mount Auburn] Langton, Jane. The Escher Twist. A Homer Kelly Mystery. New York; Viking: 2002. Mount Auburn Cemetery has a recurring role in this intriguing murder-mystery set in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Professor Leonard Sheldrake meets a mysterious and charming young woman named Frieda at an Escher exhibition at local art gallery, but she then disappears... and another local professor who looks like Leonard's twin mysteriously falls to his death from the top of the tower at Mount Auburn. Homer and Mary Kelly try to help Leonard find Frieda, solve the mystery, and figure out who is leaving notes to a long-dead child buried at Mount Auburn; and what about those ghosts Leonard keeps running into at the cemetery? Jane Langton captures the essences of Cambridge and Mount Auburn Cemetery perfectly in this lively page-turner. Hardcover. 242 pages, several b/w illustrations of Escher prints, dj; near fine.  $25.00
69. Plan ou Cimetiere de l'Est dit du Pere Lachaise. Paris: 1840s. A very nice map of the cemetery of Pere Lachaise in Paris, apparently from the book 'Plans de Cimetieres du Pere Lachaise, de Montmartre, du Mont-Parnasse et de Vaugirard' (this is printed across the top margin). The plan shows the various numbered sections and notes noteworthy monuments. Folded map. Unfolded size- 21.5"x17", very light water stain, edges a bit chipped, slightly browned.  $175.00
70. Robinson, David & Dean Koontz. Beautiful Death. Art of the Cemetery. New York; Penguin Studio: 1996. Acclaimed photographer David Robinson toured the cemeteries of Europe over a period of two years to take the photos which illustrate this lovely and haunting book. Popular writer Dean Koontz contributed an interesting, compelling text. Hardcover. 9.5"x9.5", about 200 pages, packed with color illustrations, dj bibliography; a fine copy in a near fine jacket.  $60.00
An Eccentric and Extraordinary Romp, Limited to 16 Copies-
71. Roffe, Edwin. Walks in the Way of Old Weever! In Divers Small Books. London; Rochester Press: 1862. Limited to 16 copies. "Set-up, and Imprinted, in Leisure-time, by Edwin Roffe". A rather eccentric and extraordinary romp, set to the tune of John Weever's 1631 book "Ancient Funerall Monuments" [see item 34]. It consists of no less than 7 short books, issued together, recounting various travels through graveyards, by graveyards, or just thinking about old friends who are in graveyards. There are also two other booklets- "Sundry Slips of Yew, set to the Memory of Divers Citizens of London. Inscriptions from Church-Yard Tombs", and "A Basket of Bright Berries from the Yew Trees of Paradise", both of which also have to do with epitaphs and tombstones. Roffe, an antiquarian and engraver, is not actually making fun of Weever, but is obviously having fun while emulating the 17th century "connoisseur of graveyards, tobacco-enthusiast, sycophant, satirist, dwarf (and) penner of dirty ditties" (Ian Wright). It is not only the text, but Roffe's typographical style, flourishes and enthusiasm, which seems t o gently mock other, more serious Victorian books of the period, and all one can say in the end is that the entire production is an outstanding example of the potential benefits, or dangers, of overdosing on high-test coffee. Hardcover. 6.75"x8.5", 11 + 21 + 7 + 3 + 3 + 7 + 13 + 11 + 6 pages, line illustrations; bound in period black cloth with a silk-water pattern, with a leather spine and tips, with gilt spine title and urns; covers with light wear, endpapers spotted, else a clean, nice copy of a charming and unique book.  $400.00
72. Rogers, Rev. Charles. Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions in Scotland. London; Charles Griffin and Co.: 1871. Primarily a survey of churchyards, their gravestones and epitaphs, published for the Grampian Club. A descriptive text rather than a collection of transcriptions, although many of the inscriptions are transcribed here. Hardcover. 2 volumes. 6"x8.5", xvi + 534; xi + 439 pages. 2 chromolithographed frontispieces, one of Sir Walter Scott's monument in Edinburgh, the other of the National Wallace Monument. Bound in period quarter leather. Covers with some wear and rubbing; a little internal soil and spotting; pictures pasted to each front pastedown.  $200.00
73. St. James Church. An Act for pulling down the Church of Saint James at Clerkenwell, in the County of Middlesex, and for building a New Church, and making a new Church-yard, or Cemetery, in the said Parish, with convenient Avenues and Passages thereto. London; Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan: May 18th, 1788. An interesting record of the work it took to take down an old church and graveyard and put up a new one. St. James at Clerkenwell was a combination of 17th and 18th century styles built over an older abbey; it was taken down and replaced by a nice Georgian structure which still stands. Much of this document has to do with the financing of the project, the trustees, and arrangements to purchase adjoining lands. There is, however, mention of the existing graveyard and memorials and tombs within the church, and how they are to be treated and preserved. It is also decreed that the only burials in the new church shall be in vaults. Removed from a larger volume, with a new paper spine; 8"x12", pp.259-302; light soil.  $150.00
74. Weaver, Lawrence. Memorials & Monuments, Old and New: Two hundred subjects chosen from seven centuries. London; Country Life: 1915. An interesting book- at once a sweeping art-history course in 700 years of monument & memorial making, and at the same time a serious and practical guide meant to assist those designing future monuments and memorials to do the job better. Weaver includes chapters on the history, settings, styles, materials, emblems & symbols, heraldry, lettering, and inscriptions for monuments and memorials; military and civic memorials, churchyard memorials, and tablets for buildings. Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", vi + 479 pages, 258 b/w illustrations; slightly dusty, a little soil, a bit shaken.  $125.00
75. Whalley, G. Hammond, Esq. Newbury Cemetery. Report of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works and Buildings, enclosing the Report of the Surveying Officer appointed under the above Act. [with] Minutes of Evidence taken before George Hammond Whalley...respecting a Bill for the establishing a General Cemetery for the Internment of the Dead in the Parish of Newbury. Ordered by The House of Commons to be Printed: 1 March, 1847. All the particulars regarding the establishment of a cemetery in the rural Berkshire parish of Newbury. Includes a magnificent amount of detail on mid-19th century burial practices and statistics. There was no question a new burial ground was needed, but still the project engendered some controversy; it seems that local churchmen might have preferred to keep burial a province of the local churches. One Rev. testified-
"You can scarcely bury a corpse without having to dig up another. There is no question we want enlargement, but as, a Clergyman, I should very much prefer that additional Burying-grounds should be procured in the usual way, by forming more Churchyards, generally. A cemetery embraces all, and is under very peculiar circumstances. I must admit such a thing is wanted, and if no better provision can be made to meet the evil, I certainly think the Cemetery would be desirable. I know the Bishop has a very great objection to Cemeteries, and certainly, as a Clergyman, I feel the same myself".
Hardcover. 8.5"x13", xxiii + 30 pages; bound in new cloth covers; a very nice copy.  $250.00
76. Wickes, Stephen. Sepulture: Its History, Methods and Sanitary Requisites. Philadelphia; P. Blakiston, Son & Co.: 1884. A survey of burial and its history, written by an eminent New Jersey physician. Wickes begins with a history of ancient burial to show, as he says, that "in this our day of light and of the knowledge of nature's laws, we are still cherishing in our methods of internment customs born and fostered in the dark ages". Dr Wickes covers burial among the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Persians, moves to Native American burials, and early Christian burial, and then gets to the heart of the matter, with chapters devoted to animal putrescence; malignant disease from one corpse; saturated soil of a graveyard disturbed; intra-mural internment in the United States; yellow fever; Asiatic cholera; pestilence (you knew he was going to get to that, eh?); rural cemeteries; coffins for the dead; and country graveyards. Dr. Wickes was the President of the Medical Society of New Jersey and rescued and preserved the Society's early papers, as well as authoring several books on the history of medicine. Hardcover. 6.25"x9.5", 156 pages plus a 48-page catalog of Blakiston books. Publisher's original black cloth covers with gilt spine title; covers with light wear, but overall a very nice copy.  $175.00
77. Wise, Sarah. The Italian Boy. Murder and Grave-Robbery in 1830s London. London; Jonathan Cape: 2004. "Towards the end of 1831, the authorities unearthed a series of crimes at Number 3, Nova Scotia Gardens in East London that appeared to echo the notorious Burke and Hare killings in Edinburgh three years earlier. After a short investigation, three bodysnatchers were put on trial for supplying the anatomy schools of London with suspiciously fresh bodies for dissection. They later became known as The London Burkers, and their story was dubbed "The Italian Boy" case. The three were eventually convicted of the murder of a fourteen-year-old supposed immigrant, causing a citywide furor that led to legislation signaling the end of bodysnatching in Britain. Sarah Wise's history not only investigates the case but also vividly portrays the warrens of lower-class London in the 1830s". Hardcover. 6"x9.5", 347 pages, b/w illustrations, dj. New.  $15.00
Mourning, Funerals & Remembrance
78. Berg, Charles W. Confessions of an Undertaker. Wichita; McCormick-Armstrong Press: 1920. A critical look at the inside of the funeral business by a lifelong undertaker. His general outlook is summed up best by a few quotes from the last chapter-
"Why is it...that we still persist in making such gruesome affairs of funerals? No sooner does some loved one pass from our vision to a better life than we immediately darken the house, bolt every shutter, draw every curtain, go around on tip-toe and speak in whispers, hang that abomination of all funerals, a strip of crepe paper, on the door, and fairly swathe ourselves in deepest black, until the house becomes verily a place to flee from? Nor is there anything quite so barbarous as the present custom...of 'viewing the remains' by a motley collection of persons, many of whom never knew the dead in life, or if they did, never thought enough of him to come and see him. Only second to this (is the) mental caliber of a community that bases the popularity of a man on the length of his 'funeral procession'."
And so on... Hardcover. 5"x7.5", 114 pages; publisher's sky-blue ribbed cloth with gilt titles; light soil, a little wear.  $200.00
79. [Broadside] An Elegy on the Death of Mr. Harfield Lyndsey, Aged 26 Years. [Enfield, Massachusetts; John Howe: ca. 1837]. A very handsome broadside elegy, featuring a woodcut border of stylized leaves, with a coffin in the upper left corner. The main elegy is added to by "An Acrostic" by "Samuel Dunn, Aet. 91 years 7 months". Samuel Dunn [1746-1843] wrote a number of funereal acrostics and poems, and was known as something of a "poet of the death-bed". The broadside is attributed to the printer John Howe of Enfield, Massachusetts. Enfield is one of the towns which was submerged by the Quabbin Reservoir in the 20th century. Broadside. 8.5"x9", light soil, some light wrinkling.  $250.00
A Collection of Funeral Sermons Printed at the Lee Priory Press-
80. Brydges, Sir Egerton (ed.). Select Funeral Memorials. Kent; Printed at the private press of Lee Priory by John Warwick: 1818. Edition probably limited to 100 copies. A collection of excerpts from funeral and memorial sermons, collected by Brydges (1762-1837), an antiquarian, author and editor who ran the private press at Lee Priory. He notes "I have found that among heaps of Funeral Sermons there are intermixed many eloquent and beautiful memorials which ought to be rescued from oblivion...I have adopted therefore the plan...to preserve these relics, as they occur to me amidst the multifarious researches to which my wandering curiosity impels me". The collection begins with Sidney Godolphin's 17th century "An Epitaph Upon the Lady Rich", which eventually brings the editor to Sidney Godolphin's own death and memorial. He then moves through 5 other Memorial pieces, to end with an extended entry upon the death of Henry, Prince of Wales, in 1613, which includes Henry Chapman's epic "An Epicede, or Funeral Song: On the most disastrous Death of the High-born Prince of Men, Henry Prince of Wales". An interesting early 19th century selection of 17th century funeral and memorial verse and texts. The Lee Priory Press operated from 1813 to 1824, reprinting a number of texts of Antiquarian interest. An 1823 circular and list of the Press's titles states that each title was limited to 100 copies. It also states that a second part of our title was eventually published, although this first part is complete in itself. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", v + 70 pages, title page with an engraved vignette, plus several decorated initial letters, head and tailpieces. Bound into modern blue boards; clean, wide-margined and a choice specimen.  $450.00
81. [Civil War] Townsend, Rev. P. A Sermon Preached October 26, at Stafford Springs, at the Funeral of James W. Brooks, of Co. I, 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, Who Died October 11th, from Wounds Received at the Battle of Antietam, September 17th, 1862. Palmer, Mass.: G.M. Fisk & Company: 1862. Made up of volunteers from Hartford and surrounding towns, the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteer Infantry entered service in August, 1862. Within three weeks, without even having been trained how to load their guns, they were tossed into the bloody maelstrom of the Battle of Antietam as part of Harland's 2nd Brigade of Burnside's 9th Corps. Posted on the extreme left of the Union lines they were ordered to cross the lower bridge at Snavely's Ford and found themselves in a corn field, were they were raked with fire. In only a few minutes almost 200 men fell, including Private Brooks. The Rev. Townsend was pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Stafford Springs, Connecticut. A poignant reminder of a famous battle. Uncommon; OCLC locates a single copy. Softcover. 5.75"x8.75", 18 pages; publisher's printed light yellow covers; covers with some soil and spotting, top corner creased and thumbed, a little internal spotting.  $75.00
"there are none who can escape this king of terrors"
82. Duncan, Thomas W. [Manuscript] A Sermon Delivered at Wrentham North Parish January 30th, 1820, the next Sabbath after my wife died. Wrentham; 1820. An interesting manuscript sermon on the subject of death, dying, and Christian salvation. Even as all men live and assume they shall go on living, the Rev. Duncan notes, death will come to all, because "there are none who can escape this king of terrors". He goes on to warn of the dangers death holds for the unsaved, and to assure his listeners that the saved will go to a better place. Near the end of the sermon he addresses himself, his children, and friends and neighbors on the subject of grieving and celebrating the passing on of a loved one. Softcover. 4.25"x7", 35 numbered pages; a paper pamphlet in blue covers with 18 unlined leaves, hand-numbered 1-35 (1 side of 1 leaf left blank). Text written in ink throughout in a fairly legible hand. Covers somewhat worn, bottom corner chipped; some internal soil, some ink splotches. With a separate sheet inserted loosely reading- "Walpole, May 12, 18(torn)- As a token of love and respect, will the Union Church in North Wrentham please to accept this volume of sacred writ, for their pulpit, from Mary Robichaux". It's not clear if this refers to this volume or not.  $500.00
83. [Everett] A Memorial of Edward Everett, from the City of Boston. Boston; Printed by Order of the City Council: 1865. A complete account of the speeches, commemorations and funeral of statesman and orator Edward Everett. Includes details of the funeral, proceedings of the Legislature, Board of Trade, Massachusetts Historical Society, Thursday Evening Club, American Antiquarian Society, Harvard University, and many other groups of which he was a member or who wanted to pay tribute to him. Hardcover. 7"x10.5", 315 pages, portrait frontispiece; publisher's green pebbled cloth with gilt spine title; light wear, a little soil; ex-Lodge library with bookplate and spine label, a few innocuous markings.  $65.00
84. Flavel, John. A Token for Mourners: or, The Advice of Christ to a Distressed Mother, bewailing the death of her dear and only Son... Salem; printed by Nathaniel Coverly, Jun.: 1802. Flavel was a 17th century English preacher, and his text was quite popular, going through a number of editions. Hardcover. 4"x7", 144 pages; bound in newer plain paper-covered boards (literally boards -a thin wood; frankly they are a little weird) with a newer crude cloth spine. Boards worn, text paper browned and somewhat worn, inner front and rear hinges taped; endpapers removed.  $100.00
85. Flechier, Esprit & Jacques-Benigne Bossuet. Recueil des Oraisons Funebres de M. Flechier, et de M. Bossuet. Nismes; Chez Pierre Beaume: 1782. Corrected Edition. An important collection of the best 17th century French funeral orations by Esprit Flechier (1632-1710), Bishop of Nimes and Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (1627-1704) Bishop of Meaux. Flechier may be best remembered for his account of the "curious" Claremont Assizes of 1665, when Louis XIV brought his Auvergne nobles to heel, and which Flechier recorded for posterity. He was also a poet and historical author, but he was best known in his own time for his funeral orations which have been described as ingenious and often even witty. Bossuet, a child prodigy and an extremely important theological writer and theorist, was also simply the best orator in 17th century France, and he created the form of the "Orasion Funebres" of which he was undisputed master, not even rivaled by Flechier. Hardcover. 5"x8", cxxxvi + 209 + 321  pages, with several nice decorated head and tailpieces; bound in full period mottled calf, with marbled endpapers. Covers somewhat soiled and worn, especially the spine which is flaking a bit. A little internal soil and a bit of toning.  $150.00
86. Frank, Robin Jaffee. Love and Loss. American Portrait and Mourning Miniatures. New Haven; Yale University Press: 2000. The beautifully produced catalog to the traveling loan exhibition of portrait miniatures assembled by the Yale University Art Gallery. Frank not only explores the role of portrait miniatures in American life, but also in American death, as her extended essay "Not Lost but Gone Before" chronicles the uses and symbolism of mourning miniatures. Other chapters cover the role miniatures played in society, the miniaturists who created these tiny jewels, and the competition between miniatures and photography. The catalog features brilliant color photographs and many enlargements of details. Hardcover. 5.5"x7", 358 pages, many color and b/w illustrations, dj. New.  $35.00
87. Funeral Processions in Boston. [in the] Bostonian Society Publications Volume 4. Boston: 1907. Period accounts of the funerals of the victims of the Boston Massacre in 1770, Governor John Hancock in 1793, and mourning ceremonies for George Washington in 1800. Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", 40 pages [article], several woodcuts. Covers with some light soil and rubbed around the edges and spine. Endpapers and title page with some soil, a little minor scattered spotting.  $50.00
88. Garfield Memorial. Sorrow of the People of Buenos Ayres for the Death of General James A. Garfield, Late President of the United States of America. Buenos Ayres; printed by order of Committee: 1881. A former Union General in the Civil War, President Garfield was assassinated by a lunatic, but suffered for some months before succumbing to his wounds. This very interesting pamphlet expresses the sorrow of the American community in Buenos Ayres, and describes the receipt of the news, memorial services, speeches, etc. Softcover. 6.5"x10", 39 pages; evidently bound into a larger volume at some point and then removed, leaving excess spine material; several marginal cover chips; a very discreet ex-institutional with a small withdrawal stamp and a faint blindstamp on the title page; with the ownership signature on the front cover of "Joseph G. Story, New York".  $200.00
A Striking and Uncommon Hairwork Design Book-
89. [Hairwork] Florentin, P. Album de Dessins en Cheveux. Repertoire de P. Florentin, Artiste-Brevete, Professeur de Dessins en Cheveux. Paris, no date, but late 1870s. A superb French Victorian design album of hair-work, including jewelry, memorial items, chains and very elaborate vignettes- sometimes its not even completely clear how hair works into the design. A large percentage of the designs are for memorial and mourning items. Very uncommon. Hardcover. 11x13, 20 lithographed leaves, 2 tinted with gold. Original pebbled cloth with gilt title, marbled endpapers. Covers lightly worn, light scattered foxing. Some internal pencil notes, and the endpaper has the ink inscription- Album Travaiit Artistique en Cheveux -Fusil - rue Eugene Vignal 2, Orleans. On the title leaf the printed name Florentin has a small piece of paper pasted over it with Fusil written in ink.  $3,500.00
90. [Harrison] Damon, Norwood. The Holy Voice. A Discourse, delivered before The Society of the Rev. David Damon, in West Cambridge, Mass. on Friday, May 14, 1841, the Day of the National Fast, appointed in consequence of the Death of William Henry Harrison, President of the United States. Boston; Charles C. Little and James Brown: 1841. President Harrison, "Tippecanoe" of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too" fame was the first U.S. President to die in office, and the event shook the nation to its core. The fact that he caught pneumonia and died within a very short time of his inauguration didn't help matters much. Harrison had been a very successful general in the Seminole War, and his death gave rise to the later legend that the President elected every 20th year would die in office -he was said to have caused a dying Indian chief to utter the curse that began the whole thing. Whether you believe that stuff to be a bunch of hooey or not, this remains a very nice early Presidential Eulogy -in fact, the earliest President you can get for a President who died in office, as Harrison was the first. Softcover, 5.5"x9", 16 pages; an exceptionally fine copy of a fragile pamphlet. Interestingly, there are four period minor penned text corrections -obviously someone was reading from the copy.  $100.00
91. [Harrison] Krebs, John M. The Leader Fallen: A Sermon preached in the Rutgers-Street Church, New York, on Sabbath morning, April 11th, 1841, on occasion of the death of William Henry Harrison, President of the United States of America. New York; Harper & Brothers: 1841. "Printed by Request". Disbound. 5.5"x8.5", 44 pages. Light soil and a few foxed spots; evidently a family copy, as it is signed "from her brother, the Author".  $50.00
92. [Havard] Palmer, Joseph. Necrology of Alumni of Harvard College, 1851-52 to 1862-63. Boston; John Wilson and Son: 1864. The complete obituaries of all Harvard alumni who died between 1851 and 1863 -deaths during the last year or two include a number of Civil War casualties. Surprisingly absorbing reading. Hardcover. 6.5"x10", 536 pages, publisher's dark green patterned cloth, gilt title; spine a bit soiled, spine head and base slightly chipped; two presentation inscriptions to A.J. Coolidge from the author.  $175.00
93. Irion, Paul E. The Funeral. Vestige or Value? Nashville; Abingdon Press: 1966. A description and analysis of the American funeral as it existed in the 1960s. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.5", 240 pages, dj; light wear.  $20.00
94. Jones, Barbara. Design for Death. Indianapolis; Bobbs-Merrill: 1967. A book devoted to "the odd, beautiful, frightening or lunatic things which the human race chooses, or has chosen, to make for and of its dead...The chapters follow the corpse on its way: what is made of the dead body itself; how it is ornamented and dressed; how it is boxed; the ceremonial trappings of the funeral procession; how the grave is marked and adorned; how the survivors adorn themselves and create mementos; how they preserve relics. All this is described in a witty text with over two hundred drawings and twenty-four pages of photographs...". An essential book for the student of grave matters. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", 304 pages, b/w and line illustrations, dj; bibliographic notes. Light wear, a nice copy.  $45.00
95. Kirchmann, Johannes. Lubecensis de Funeribus Romanorum Libri Quator cum Appendice, Nitidissimis Figuris illustrati. Accessit et Funus Parasiticum Nicolai Rigaltii. (Bound with) In Funere V.C.L. Pauli G.F.P.N. Merulae, Historiarum Professoris In Academia Batavorum...Oratio... Both Leyden; Hackius:1672.
The first volume is a wide-ranging work on the funeral rites and practices of the ancient Romans, including preservation of the corpse, the mourners and funeral processions, cremations, burials and memorials. Written in four parts, each part is illustrated with an engraved, folding plate by Romeyn de Hooghe: the first plate illustrates the corpse of a noble lady being borne on an elaborately draped litter by a group of soldiers while attendants wave wreaths and flowers; the second plate illustrates the funeral procession through the city with soldiers, attendants and mourners carrying torches and wreaths, horses prancing, mourners wailing, etc; the third plate illustrates the cremation of a body upon a pyre of logs some twenty feet high -in the foreground attendants prepare sacrifices of animals and birds and (it appears) several unfortunate people, possibly slaves; the fourth plate shows offerings of dead animals, wine and fruits being placed before an elaborate memorial be decked with garlands and wreaths.
The engraved title page illustrates a flaming cremation taking place upon a pyre which is fully five stories high, fitted out with columns and draped with curtains and statuary -at the top a chariot and horses stand ready for the flight to the afterworld (one assumes). The appendix is a charming little treatise published in the same year, written by Nicolai Rigaltio, on the subject of parasites and protecting the corpse from them.
The second book, bound in, is a funeral oration, also by Kirchmann, delivered at the funeral of Paulus Mercula.
Hardcover. 3.5"x5.5", engraved title page + an additional title page + (44) + 649 +(47) + (2) + 24 pages + 4 engraved folding plates by Romeyn de Hooghe; woodcut device on the title page and woodcut initials. The second work contains a title page and 64 pages of text. Bound in old full vellum with gilt spine decorations and a leather spine label; covers somewhat soiled and with two small holes in the spine; some internal browning, engraved title page torn at the upper corner, not affecting the image or plate margin.  $650.00
96. [Lee] Ceremonies connected with the inauguration of the mausoleum and the unveiling of the recumbent figure of General Robert Edward Lee at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA., June 28, 1883. Oration of John W. Daniel, LL.D. Historical Sketch of the Lee Memorial Association. Richmond; West, Johnston & Co.: 1883. Robert E. Lee died on October 12, 1870 while serving as President of Washington College (renamed Washington & Lee University). This booklet describes the organizing of the Lee Memorial Association, which created a mausoleum in the Chapel which had recently been completed on the campus, and hired sculptor Edward Valentine to create the "recumbent figure" of Lee in marble to sit atop the tomb. It also provides a description and program of the ceremonies to open and dedicate the memorial, as well as the text of the speeches given during the ceremonies. It concludes with a rather breathless recounting of Lee's Civil War career in the best "their flashing steeds strode bravely to the ramparts of fiery death and destruction 'midst the awful cannonading of their merciless foe" tradition.
Softcover. 5.75"x9", 83 pages. Covers a bit chipped at the corners, lower right corner with loss along a crease edge. Spine once clear taped in two places which has now darkened. Two other places on the rear cover, along the spine, where tape was evidently removed causing roughness and a little loss; there is an old, 2.5 inch-long strip of masking tape with a number written on it on the upper left corner of the front cover. Inked presentation inscription dated 1953 on the inside of the front cover; the first 10 pages are creased and just a little chipped at the base. Otherwise nice, and frankly, the covers look a lot better than the description makes them sound.  $200.00
97. Loughridge, Patricia R. & Edward D.C. Campbell, Jr. Women in Mourning. A catalog of the Museum of the Confederacy's corollary exhibition... Richmond; Museum of the Confederacy: 1986. An exhibition of mourning fashions, objects and customs in the South in the mid-late 19th century, with a very heavy emphasis on Civil War-related history and mourning. Softcover. 8.5"x11", 31 pages, b/w illustrations; some wear.  $65.00
98. Massachusetts Undertakers' Association By-Laws. Hyde Park; Massachusetts Undertakers' Association: 1892. The MUA was instituted in 1891, in an effort to provide a unified front for the profession, in the aftermath of a fight between Massachusetts undertakers and the Massachusetts Medical Society, which had attempted to pass a law that would have prohibited the embalming of a body without a doctor's certificate. This small booklet contains the MUA's Bylaws and Code of Ethics. It is accompanied by a folder dated January 15, 1892, promoting the Association to Massachusetts undertakers who have not joined. Softcover. 3.25"x5.25", 13 pages, light wear. With- paper folder, a single sheet folded to 5.5"x8.5" size. Light soil along edge, folded twice horizontally.  $85.00
99. McPherson, Thomas A. American Funeral Cars & Ambulances Since 1900. Glen Ellyn; Crestline Publishing: 1973. A pictorial survey of photographs from old magazines, catalogs, etc., devoted to hearses and ambulances (which, under the paint job, are basically the same thing) in the United States. Hardcover. 9"x11", 351 pages, thousands of b/w illustrations; light wear, a nice copy.  $200.00
100. Memorial Lithograph. Hartford; E.B. & E.C. Kellogg: probably 1845-50. A handsome colored memorial lithograph featuring a monument in the form of a pedestal with a stylized urn on top, amidst other gravestones and rose bushes, under a willow tree. In the background the scene includes a churchyard, a hill, and beyond that a sailing ship. The monument has the printed legend "In Memory of", with no name or details filled in below. The Kellogg company has been called "Connecticut's Currier & Ives"; they published a variety of popular prints from the 1840s to the end of the century. The imprint "E.B. & E.C. Kellogg" was used during the 1840s, 50s and 60s. A handsome lithograph with interesting details. Colored lithograph. 11"x14"; some foxing, and several folds; several short closed tears, 1" and 1.5" long; left margin cut on a bit of a bias.  $375.00
101. Morley, John. Death, Heaven and the Victorians. London; Studio Vista: 1971. An extraordinary and sweeping survey of Victorian funeral arts, attitudes and customs. Includes chapters on the Victorian funeral, cemeteries and cemetery reform, monuments, mourning dress & etiquette, state funerals, means of burial, and spirit & medium-related shenanigans. Illustrated with items from many private collections. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", 208 pages, 134 b/w and color illustrations; bibliography. Light wear.  $75.00
102. Mourners' Carriage List. Boston; Dorntree Casket Co.: 1900-1909. 2 identical black-bordered cards titled "Mourners' Carriage List", with lines to be filled in for the date (190-), hour, name of deceased, and residence. There are then sections for a listing of mourners in the First through Fifth Carriage. 2 cards. 3.75"x8.5", un-used; light soil, small tear at the base of one.  $40.00
103. [Mourning Card] "In Affectionate Remembrance of William Henry Taylor, Who Died January 30th, 1879, Aged 14 Years". No place: 1879. A nice embossed card in black & white with winged angels sitting atop a temple with columns, flanked by willows to each side and an urn at the top. The middle of the card contains the text, including a memorial poem. 3"x4.5", embossed cream-colored card stock with the "picture" raised above the background, which is colored in black. Light soil, but very nice.  $45.00
104. [Mourning Card] "In Memory of Sarah Waller Who Died 7th Sept. Aged 79 Years. Interred in the Bon[illegible] Cemetery, the 11th Day of Sept. 1865". London; Moses John Hickman, Furnishing Undertaker: 1865. An unusual and attractive die-cut, embossed and colored card. A woman weeps before a gravestone, willow branches spread overhead and lilies grow around her. The background is cut-out, and the willow and border of the tombstone and ground are dark gold. Personal details are inked in. Imprint of a London undertaker at the bottom. 3.5"x5", embossed, bordered in black, die-cut and partially colored; light wear, a little soil, slight damage to a few willow leaves and lilies.  $65.00
105. [Mourning Cards] Four Un-Printed Embossed Mourning Card Blanks. England? 1860s or 70s. Four black-bordered mourning card blanks with embossed scenes, but no printing. The scenes include a crypt with willows 2 angels; a tombstone with an angel comforting a sobbing child with willows; a crying woman with columns and an iron fence and willow branches; a woman comforting another woman, with decorative borders. 4 cards. Each 3"x4.5", black borders, embossed designs. Light wear, but nice.  $165.00
106. The Order for The Burial of the Dead. Smith, Kay & Co., Printers. 1914. A small booklet for the Funeral Service, presumably of the Church of England. Printed opposite the first page is "I Memoriam - Mary Macleod, Born 10th February, 1859. Died 5th January, 1914. Interred at Brompton Cemetery, January 10th, 1914." Hardcover. 3"x5", 16 pages; dark blue blindstamped cloth with gilt title and emblem.  $20.00
107. Plutarch. A Consolatorie Letter or Discourse sent by Plutarch of Chaeronea unto His Owne Wife as Touching the Death of Her and His Daughter. Boston; Houghton Mifflin and Company: 1905. Edition limited to 375 numbered copies, printed at the Riverside Press. The title is a bit awkward - Mrs. Plutarch was not dead at the time Plutarch wrote to her. The text was taken from the 1657, "newly revised and corrected" edition of Philemon Holland's translation of "The Philosophie Commonly Called Morals". Hardcover. 6"x9", 32 pages; bound in the publisher's dark brown boards with a linen spine; covers with some wear and a little soil; hinges tight; contents nice.  $60.00
108. Power, Dale. Do-It-Yourself Coffins for Pets and People. Atglen; Schiffer Publishing: 1997. A great conversation-starter when left on the coffee table at parties. Softcover. 8.5"x11", 64 pages, color and b/w illustrations, measured drawings. $12.00
109. Puckle, Bertram S. Funeral Customs. Their Origin and Development. New York; Frederick A. Stokes Company: 1926. An entertaining, somewhat anecdotal study of funeral customs from ancient times through the 19th century. Includes chapters on death warnings, preparations for burial, wakes and wailers, mourning bells, funeral feasts and processions, burial places, body-snatching, state funerals, cremation and embalming, memorials and epitaphs, and more. Hardcover. 6"x9", 283 pages, plus 22 b/w plates, dj; jacket with light wear, spine faded and scuffed, chipped at spine head; book itself nice.  $150.00
110. [Roosevelt] A Memorial to Theodore Roosevelt. New York Legislature; 1919. Former President and New York-native Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6th, 1919; on February 21st the New York Legislature published these memorial proceedings which include tributes by many members, as well as the text of a memorial address in the US Congress by Henry Cabot Lodge. Hardcover. 7.25"x10.25", 131 pages, portrait frontispiece with tissue guard; light soil to cover, a little wear, very light wrinkle at top of last few pages; overall a very nice copy.  $40.00
111. Schorsch, Anita. Mourning Becomes America. Mourning Art in the New Nation. Clinton; Main Street Press: 1976. An important exhibition, focusing on mourning art and symbolism in the United States in the first 40 years of the 19th century. The catalog includes textiles, pictures, brooches, lockets and other jewelry, ceramics, and more. Softcover. 8"x8", about 100 pages, b/w and color illustrations; light wear.  $100.00
112. [Sumner] Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Charles Sumner, (A Senator of Massachusetts,) Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives, Forty-third Congress, First Session. Washington; Government Printing Office: 1874. The official commemorations of the great abolitionist Senator from Massachusetts, who was almost beaten to death on the floor of the Senate by another member in 1856. Includes a description of the funeral ceremonies in the Capitol, and the text of speeches. Hardcover. 7.5"x11", 112 pages, engraved portrait frontispiece; publisher's black pebbled cloth with gilt title and scrollwork; light cover wear, frontis. with some foxing; text pages with wide margins, bordered in black; a little soil, but a nice copy.  $45.00
Two Editions of Swift's Famous and Witty Pre-Obituary Poem-
113. Swift, Jonathan. Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D. occasioned by reading a Maxim of Rochefoucault. No place (Dublin?): Printed in the Year 1743. An early printing of Swift's famous and witty pre-obituary poem. Swift worked on the piece for several years, and in 1738 an English printer published an edited, shortened version, which did not please Swift. In February, 1739 the full version was published in Dublin. Our printed copy contains the note that "many Lines and Notes were omitted in the English edition; which we have here inserted, to make the work as compleat as possible", suggesting to me that this is likewise possibly an Irish edition. In the poem Swift wittily recalls some incidents in his life, and imagines how his friends, and enemies, will react to his death and what they will say after he is gone- "For Poetry, he's past his Prime, - He takes an Hour to find a Rhime; - His Fire is out, his Wit decay'd; - His Fancy sunk, his Muse a Jade, - I'd have him throw away his Pen; - But there's no talking to some Men.". Swift's poem remains as a singular, unforgettable and unique self-written epitaph. Disbound; 4.75"x7.75", removed from a larger volume, this comprises the title page and the poem paginated pp.153-176. Light soil, a little wear; string bound, with the last several leaves detached.  $85.00
114. Swift, Jonathan. Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D. occasioned by reading a Maxim of Rochefoucault. Market Drayton; Tern Press: 1992. Edition limited to 95 copies. A beautiful fine-press edition of Swift's famous and witty pre-obituary poem. This finely-printed edition includes notes and a commentary by A. Norman Jeffares. Hardcover. 7"x10.75", 42 pages; printed from handset type on Zerkall paper with 9 lino prints. Patterned covers. A very nice copy.  $175.00
115. Thurber, Charles. A Heart-Offering to the Memory of The Loved and The Lost. Boston; Press of Geo. C. Rand: 1853. A group of Victorian mourning verses, dealing with the author's wife, the sickness and death of their young daughter Helen, and several other young relatives. Thurber [1803-1886] of Worcester, Massachusetts, was a teacher, firearms manufacturer and poet who wrote pieces for events and ceremonies. He was also the inventor of one of the first mechanical typewriters. Hardcover. 4.75"x7.5", 259 pages, portrait frontispiece. Publisher's black embossed cloth with a blindstamped vignette of a funeral urn on a plinth surrounded by a wreath on the front and back covers; gilt spine title. Covers a bit worn, spine head pulled, a little minor internal foxing and soil.  $175.00
116. Tomarken, Annette H. The Smile of Truth. The French Satirical Eulogy and Its Antecedents. Princeton University Press: 1990. A scholarly study of the classical satirical eulogy in Renaissance France. Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", xiv + 354 pages; dj; annotated; bibliography; a nice copy.  $20.00
117. Undertaker's Card. "Davis Brothers, Dealers in Fine, Medium and Common Furniture, Drapery Poles and Curtain Fixtures. Five and Ten Cent Goods a Specialty. Also, Funeral and Furnishing Undertakers. Davis Block, Tenant's Harbor, Maine. Probably 1890-1900. 3"x4.5", nice typography. Light soil.  $35.00
118. Undertaker's Invoice. An Itemized Invoice for a Funeral by Booth & Boylston, Funeral Directors. Los Angeles, California, May 23, 1896. This single-sheet, itemized invoice on the undertaker's letterhead includes the casket, carriage, funeral notices, etc. The printed letterhead is for Neitzke & Speck; that name is crossed out, with a rubberstamp for Booth & Boylston stamped above it. An interesting pre-1900 California undertaker item. 1 sheet, 8.5"x7", folded several times.  $75.00
119. Undertaker's Invoice. An Itemized Invoice for a Funeral by Wm. W. Hullfish, General Furnishing Undertaker. Newark, NJ, October 8th, 1879. This single-sheet, itemized invoice on the undertaker's letterhead seems to cover everything, from sending a wagon to New York to collect the body ($10.80) to "laying out remains -$5.00", "black cloth casket mounted and trimmed -$85.00", "Plate and engraving -$6.00", "Opening grave -$5.00", "Mound of flowers with name Father -$10.00", "Hearse -$10.00", "10 Coaches @4.00-$40.00", "1 pr. Red Gloves for Minister -$1.75", and so on- the total bill was $242.75. 1 sheet, 8.5"x10.5", folded several times.  $45.00
A Unique Funereal Cookbook-
120. Ward, Jessica Bemis. Food to Die For. A Book of Funeral Food, Tips and Tales. Lynchburg; Old City Cemetery/Southern Memorial Association: 2004. A cookbook and photographic tour of Lynchburg's historic Old City Cemetery, all in one book! "The act of taking food to the bereaved when someone has died is a way of giving expression to sentiments that cannot always be put into words. It is the main object of this book to gather the recipes that people present as Funeral food. This unique cookbook includes more than 100 great recipes for Central Virginia's favorite comfort foods, as well as lighthearted looks at funeral customs, old and new, practical advice for writing obituaries and condolence notes, and useful terminology like 'funeral tsar' and 'dying order'. The cookbook contains 180 pages of recipes, etiquette, and anecdotes". Established in 1806, the Old City Cemetery in Lynchburg, Virginia is the state's oldest continuously-operated public cemetery. This book contains not only funeral lore and recipes, but many photographs of the beautiful and historic grounds and buildings. A unique cookbook. Spiralbound. 7.5"x9", 180 pages, b/w illustrations. New.  $25.00
121. [Washington] Adams, Daniel. An Oration Sacred to the Memory of Gen. George Washington, Delivered at Leominster, Feb 22, 1800. Leominster; Adams & Wilder: 1800. Hardcover. 5.75"x9.5", 24 pages; pamphlet bound into modern cloth covers; some soil and wear, period penned notes; the final page, 23/4, has two burn holes, each about one-quarter to one-half inch wide, in the text with loss of text; further, somebody stabilized the edges of the holes by clear-taping across them. Tear at the top of pp.23/4 stabilized on one side by pasting a paper strip over it. Stain on pamphlet cover. Ex-Lodge library, with bookplate on the pastedown.  $100.00
122. [Washington] Willard, Joseph & David Tappan. An Address in Latin, by Joseph Willard, S.T.D., L.L.D. President; and a Discourse in English, by David Tappan, S.T.D., Hollis Professor of Divinity; delivered before the University in Cambridge, Feb 21, 1800, in solemn commemoration of General George Washington. Charlestown; Samuel Etheridge: 1800. These two addresses were part of the ceremonies at Harvard, which also included an address by Washington Allston (which was not allowed to be printed). Although a search of OCLC locates various Washington orations held around the Commonwealth that were printed by Etheridge, this title does not turn up. Disbound. 5"x8.5", 44 pages, front cover detached but present, rear cover detached and not present; some soil and spots and a few very minor chips.  $125.00
123. Webster, Daniel. A Discourse in Commemoration of the Lives and Services of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, delivered in Faneuil Hall, Boston, August 2, 1826. Boston; Cummings, Hilliard and Company: 1826. Perhaps the penultimate American euology- the greatest orator of Ante-bellum America, and a righteous defender of the Union, commemorating the lives of two of the Founding Fathers. Jefferson and Adams died the same day -July 4th, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the Signing. Several weeks later Daniel Webster gave this oration at Boston's Faneuil Hall. "The tears which flow, and the honors that are paid, when the Founders of the Republic die, give hope that the Republic itself may be immortal". Disbound. 5"x8.5", 62 pages, a little light soil; evidently bound into and then disbound from a larger compilation.  $75.00
124. James, M[ontague].R[hodes]. Ghost Stories of an Antiquary. London; Edward Arnold: 1905. 2nd prtg. The second printing of the author's first book. This classic creepy collection was published a few months after the first printing of 1904.
M.R. James was the prototypical English antiquarian- a scholar of apocryphal Biblical literature and Medieval manuscripts, he served as provost of both King's College and Eton. In his spare time he turned his antiquarianism to the creation of some of the creepiest, most perfectly-realised ghost stories in the English language, and his work is considered by many to mark the beginning of modern ghost stories. James' stories were distinctly understated- no wailing goblins here. His main characters were usually antiquaries much like himself, often visiting small churches, cathedrals or libraries where they stumbled onto books or artifacts which it would have been better if they had left alone.
One famous story, included here, centers on a haunted mezzotint. If the stories are understated, the singular vindictiveness of his ghosts is not. James' spirits, though not usually described in detail, remain perfect examples of the supremely creepy and malignantly evil. Even a hundred years after he wrote them, these stories will still send chills up your spine and should definitely not be read after 10 p.m. in an old, creaky house with shadowy corners...
Hardcover. 6"x8.5", 270 pages, 4 b/w plates by James McBryde. Publisher's oatmeal-colored coarse cloth, black lettering with red rules; covers with the tiniest wear at the tips, bookplate on the front pastedown with slight offsetting shadow on the endsheet; a few tiny finger smudges on some page edges, etc., but a very nice, tight, clean copy.  $600.00
125. Spear, Charles. Essays on the Punishment of Death. Boston; Published by the author: 1845. 11th edition. A famous anti-death penalty text by a Unitarian minister and reformer. Perhaps most famous today for its dramatic frontispiece, illustrating a condemned forger, bound by chains to a stone pillar in a dungeon, his prostrate wife and three young children at his feet. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", xii + 237 + 10 pages; lithographed frontispiece of "The Condemned Forger"; woodcut "Preparing for the Execution" in the text. Publisher's blindstamped cloth; covers somewhat soiled and worn, contents with some toning, scattered foxing, and rumpled.  $85.00
126. Sullivan, F.A. The Art and Practice of Embalming. A Thorough and Practical Text-Book on the Science of Embalming. Westport; The Embalmers' Supply Co.: 1901. A complete, thorough and graphic book, "including latest and most direct methods of treatment, with anatomical and physiological descriptions, and a treatise on modern sanitation and disinfection". Uncommon. Hardcover. 6.25"x9", xix + 268 pages, 18 plates, some partially colored, many b/w text illustrations; original light brown cloth with gilt titles; covers with moderate soil, and some light staining; contents fine.  $150.00
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