grave.jpg (21780 bytes)A GRAVE AFFAIR

A Bibliography of books & other materials
on gravestones, cemeteries, epitaphs,
mourning, funerals, and related subjects.

These pages include items we have sold over the last decade, as well as other entries, and they are updated with new material on a regular basis. We hope that they will be interesting to those interested in these subjects. If you see a book listed here you would like to locate,
please let us know.


BOOKCASE FIVE - [O-S]

O'Donnell, Elliott. Animal Ghosts. or, Animal Hauntings and the Hereafter. London; William Rider & Son, Ltd.:1913. The author takes a few moments to muse on the abstract question -do animals have souls?, for a few pages of the introduction, but after that this becomes an interesting collection of anecdotes and tales, basically devoid of religious or occultist content. Many ghost anthologies mention animals, but this one focuses on them as the main subjects, from cats, dogs and horses to phantasms of bulls, cows, pigs, sheep, white tigers, and even a spectral, phantagosmoric rabbit. The wild March hare indeed! Hardcover. 5.5"x8", 302 pages.

Oldstone's Guide to Creative Rubbings Boston; Oldstone Enterprises: 1973. How to "safely" rub gravestones. Of course, doing any of this will get you thrown out of almost any cemetery these days. Softcover. 5.5"x8.5", 21 pages, b/w illustrations.

Oliver, Vere Langford. The Monumental Inscriptions in the Churches and Churchyards of the Island of Barbados, British West Indies. London; Mitchell Hughes and Clarke: 1915. Edition limited to 200 copies. The author copied these inscriptions from the churchyards in the winter of 1913-14. An interesting study. The author notes that "Barbados, first settled about Feb. 1626-7, is the only island in the Caribbean Sea which has remained uninterruptedly in English possession... The absence of frost has tended to preserve the marble slabs in the burial grounds, but the prevalence of hurricanes and earthquakes has, on the other hand, helped to crack and destroy the tablets and slabs inside the building". Hardcover. 7.5"x11", 223 pages, several maps.

Oppenheim, R.S. Maori Death Customs. Wellington; A.H. & A.W. Reed:1973. Death ceremonies, funerals, witchcraft, and Maori Myths of Death. 5.5"x8.5", 138 pages, map & 7 b&w illustrations.

Orchard, Robert. A New Collection of Epitaphs and Remarkable Monumental Inscriptions. London; James Taylor and Son: 1827. 2nd Edition. The frontispiece is a handsome engraved portrait of the author looking hale and hearty, despite his hobby of wandering 'round graveyards. A scarce title -only 3 listings show up on OCLC. Hardcover. 4.5"x7.5", 106 pages, engraved portrait frontispiece.

Osmund, William. Christian Memorials Designed and Drawn on Stone by William Osmund, Jr.: Sarum. London; J. Masters:1848. A remarkable book of the author's designs for Gothic Revival grave stones and memorials. Osmund notes that "This work has been undertaken at the request of many Clergymen and others, who have long felt the want of a few designs for appropriate memorials..." He deplores the lack of good, pious and economical designs for the use of all, and also has a few things to say about "the coarse and vulgar language expressed in doggerel rhymes abounding in our churchyards". 8.5"x11", lithographed title page and 24 plates plus 6 pages of text.

Otis, Harrison G. Eulogy on General Alexander Hamilton, pronounced at the request of the Citizens of Boston, July 26, 1804, by the Hon. Harrison G. Otis, Esq. New York; Isaac Collins and Son: 1804. Otis' pamphlet was also published in Boston and Albany. Hamilton's premature death in his duel with Aaron Burr shocked the nation that had recently buried Washington and had now to get used to the gradual passing of the great Revolutionary and early Republican heroes, a point touched on by Otis. Another striking feature of this eulogy is the continued fascination that the Roman paradigm of the farmer/statesmen continued to hold in American minds, along with the tendency to look at such figures as Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson, et al as Horatii at the Bridge. That viewpoint is very pronounced in Otis' choice of words and examples from Hamilton's life. 5"x8", 23 pages.  The title page features a woodcut vignette of a flower-draped urn resting on a casket.

Oyler, Thomas H. Epitaphs & Inscriptions from the Churches of Kent. Ashford; Kentish Express Office: 1912. An extensive collection of epitaphs and inscriptions from the monuments, brasses, slabs, bells and stained glass from churches and churchyards in Kent. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.5", [i] 126 pages.

Page-Phillips, John. Macklin's Monumental Brasses. London; George Allen and Unwin: 1970. 2nd prtg. An updating and revision of Macklin's classic "Monumental Brasses", which was first published in 1890. Includes a bibliography, as well as a list of figure brasses remaining in churches in the United Kingdom. Softcover. 6.5"x8.25", 188 pages, b/w illustrations; bibliography.

[Paget, Rev. Francis Edward]. A Tract Upon Tomb-Stones; or, Suggestions for the Consideration of Persons Intending to Set Up That Kind of Monument to the Memory of Deceased Friends. Rugeley; John Thomas Walters: 1843. 1st edition. The Reverend Paget [1806-1882], rector of Elford, did not care for much of what he saw in mid-19th century churchyards. Among the things that disturbed him- epitaphs made up of too-effusive flattery & "lies" meant to gloss-over the reputations and deeds of disreputable characters; epitaphs that ask the reader to pray for the souls of the deceased which bear "a reference to the Popish doctrine of Purgatory" (no praying for the souls of the deceased, if you please); epitaphs declaring the deceased to be worthy of Heaven or an innocent (as in a child), because all Men are sinners in the eyes of God; epitaphs that declare the deceased to be in Heaven -this is a problem because, well, hey, you never know, do you?
            The Rev. Paget also deplores pedigrees and genealogies being carved upon tombstones; he dislikes slate tombstones; he dislikes silver and gold lettering and the use of fancy fonts and effects; he disapproves of jokes and poetry in epitaphs and is driven to the depths of outrage and despair by epitaphs which set out, often at length, the ailment the deceased died of. What really drives him to distraction are tombstone carvings- lambs, cherubs, scythes -all are bad, and even worse if they follow the modern fashion and are painted out in bright colors. Even doves are bad- "unfit even for the best of us". And let us not talk of urns. God forbid anyone use an urn -it is a pagan symbol!
            What is appropriate? A cross, and a short epitaph, best left to the suggestion of your local clergyman. The Reverend Paget, a member of the Lichfield Society for the Encouragement of Ecclesiastical Architecture, is happy to illustrate 7 examples provided by the Society, all of which are quite lovely in a vaguely neo-Gothic way, two of which are designs for wooden markers, and several of which, interestingly, incorporate Celtic-style crosses and decorative work. An interesting Victorian-era work by a man who did not like what he was seeing in churchyards -no siree, not one little bit! This volume was reprinted in 1847 and 1853; none is common; OCLC locates just 11 copies of this edition. Softcover. 5.25"x8", 25 pages plus 7 lithographed plates.

Paget, Rev. F[rancis] E[dward]. A Tract Upon Tomb-Stones; or, Suggestions for the Consideration of Persons Intending to Set Up That Kind of Monument to the Memory of Deceased Friends. London; Joseph Masters: 1853. 3rd edition. OCLC locates just 4 copies of this edition. Softcover. 5.25"x8", 23 pages plus 7 lithographed plates.

Palliser, F. & M.A. Mottoes for Monuments or Epitaphs selected for study or application. London; John Murray: 1872. A wonderful compilation of epitaphs intended for the use of the enthusiastic Victorian browsing for his own (or someone else's) gravestone epitaph. The text is illustrated with plates after Flaxman and others, as well as nice decorative vignettes of mourning flowers and other thematic composition, which lends a certain elegance to the proceedings. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", vi + 156 pages, + 32 page book catalog. 10 b/w plates, many text illustrations.

Palmer, Joseph. Necrology of Alumni of Harvard College, 1851-52 to 1862-63. Boston; John Wilson and Son: 1864. The complete obituaries of all Harvard alumni who died between 1851 and 1863. Of course, deaths during the last year or two include a number of Civil War casualties. Surprisingly absorbing reading. Hardcover. 6.5"x10", 536 pages.

[Palmer, Samuel, ed.] Epitaphs and Epigrams, Curious, Quaint and Amusing. London; Samuel Palmer: 1869. 1st Edition. "Gray's Elegy has endowed almost all of us with a love for 'Grave Literature'. Under this impression, herein is offered a selection of the most quaint inscriptions from the various churchyards of our ancient villages, where the sexton, or epitaph writer, oftentimes unintentionally, but more frequently in sly humour, indulged himself with a joke at the expense of those to whom dying was 'no joke at all'." A second edition was published ca.1879. Hardcover. 5"x7", 120 pages.

Paul, Bruno, et al. Kriegergraber im Felde und Daheim. Munchen; F. Brudmann:1917. An exceedingly well illustrated study of war memorials and soldier's graves, written at the height of the First World War. This pictorial study is mainly devoted to the graves and memorials commemorating the German soldiers then being killed in that war, although there is also a section illustrating markers and memorials from earlier times. Both actual and proposed designs are included. An exceedingly touching and eerie piece. 9"x10", 63 pages plus 164 b&w plates; pictorial boards.

Pautre, Jean le. A suite of designs for tombs and sepulchral monuments. Paris; Chez le Blond, Rue S. Denis a la cloche d'argent: nd (probably ca. 1660). Jean Le Pautre (1618-1682), was perhaps the most important and famous architectural and ornamental engraver of the seventeenth century. His subjects included both exteriors and interiors, as well as many types of decorative elements and ornaments, and his chronicling of the Louis XIV style helped popularize it across Europe. His designs were used by architects and painters as well as craftsmen in metal, wood and silver, cabinetmakers, and sculptors. This suite of 12 etched plates features mourning-related designs ranging from sepulchral monuments and grottos, with draped mourning figures, sorrowful cherubs and grinning skulls, to full-blown pillared monuments. A wonderful suite of 17th century funerary designs. Hardcover. 8"x11.5", 12 etched plates, with wide margins.

Peck, William H. Mummy Portraits from Roman Egypt. Detroit Institute of Arts: 1967. A loan exhibition of 23 examples from North American collections. Each is illustrated. Softcover. 7"x10", 36 pages, b/w illustrations.

Perkins, Frank H. Handbook of Old Burial Hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Its History. Its Famous Dead, and Its Quaint Epitaphs. Plymouth; A.S. Burbank, Pilgrim Bookstore:1896. Illustrated with pencil drawings that are really rather wonderful. 5"x7", 49+ pages, card covers.

Perry, William G. The Old Dutch Burying Ground of Sleepy Hollow in North Tarrytown, New York. A Record of the Early Gravestones and Their Inscriptions. Boston; The Rand Press; privately published: 1953. An excellent record which grew out of a project, headed by Mr. Perry, to preserve the rapidly decaying gravestones. Hardcover. 6"x9", 175 pages, b/w illustrations, map.

Pettigrew, Thomas Joseph. Chronicles of the Tombs. A Select Collection of Epitaphs... London; Bell & Daldy: 1864. "Preceeded by an essay on epitaphs and other monumental inscriptions, with incidental observations on sepulchral antiquities". Both a collection of inscriptions and a history of them, as well as related funereal matters such as brasses, coffins, monumental sculpture and the Dance of Death. An interesting, detailed study. First published in 1857. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", v + 529 pages, several line illustrations.

Pettigrew, Thomas Joseph. A History of Egyptian Mummies, and an account of the Worship and Embalming of the Sacred Animals by the Egyptians; with remarks on the funeral ceremonies of different nations, and observations on the mummies of the Canary Islands, of the ancient Peruvians, Burman Priests, &c. London; Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman:1834. One of the most important 19th century works on mummies, most of Pettigrew's treatise is devoted to a painstaking study of Egyptian burial customs. As both a doctor and an archeologist, Pettigrew was well trained to write such a study; the fact that George Cruikshank engraved some of the plates adds an unusual touch to the antiquarian proceedings. There is a very interesting additional chapter on Peruvian, Burman and other mummies, as well as some notes on modern embalming. 9.5"x12", xxi + 264 pages, plus the errata leaf; plus 13 engraved plates, four of them hand-colored; 9 of the plates are after George Cruikshank.

Pettigrew, Thomas Joseph. Chronicles of the Tombs. A Select Collection of Epitaphs... London; H. G. Bohn: 1857. "Preceeded by an essay on epitaphs and other monumental inscriptions, with incidental observations on sepulchral antiquities". Both a collection of inscriptions and a history of them, as well as related funereal matters such as brasses, coffins, monumental sculpture and the Dance of Death. An interesting, detailed study. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", v + 529 pages, several line illustrations.

Pike, Martha V. & Janice Gray Armstrong. A Time to Mourn. Expressions of Grief in Nineteenth Century America. The Museums at Stony Brook: 1980. The rather extraordinary catalog of this historic loan exhibition of mourning materials. It not only features photographs and descriptions of the wide range of objects exhibited, but also contains a number of essays on related subjects. A superb and important reference. Softcover. 8.5"x11", 192 pages, b/w and some color illustrations; bibliography.

Pike, Robert E. Granite Laughter and Marble Tears. Epitaphs of Old New England. New York; Stephen Daye Press: 1938. An interesting excursion through the graveyards of New England, organized by state. The compilers' selections are not boisterously humorous, but rather represent a thoughtful cross-section of the curious and interesting with some dry Yankee humor thrown in. The photographs illustrate some very striking stones and monuments and there are additional descriptions of some cemeteries and stones which are worth reading. An early popular regional study. Hardcover. 8"x11", 80 pages, 41+ b/w illustrations, dj.

Plomer, Henry E. Abstracts from the Wills of English Printers and Stationers from 1492 to 1630. London; Printed by Blades, East & Blades, for the Bibliographical Society: 1903. An interesting collection of abstracts from the wills of booksellers and printers of London of the 16th and early 17th centuries, with booksellers far outnumbering printers. Provides interesting insight into the book and printing trades, as well as wills and bequests of the period. Hardcover. 7"x9", v + 67 pages.

Plutarch. A Consolatorie Letter or Discourse sent by Plutarch of Chaeronea unto His Owne Wife as Touching the Death of Her and His Daughter. Boston; Houghton Mifflin and Company: 1905. Edition limited to 375 numbered copies, printed at the Riverside Press. The title is a bit awkward - Mrs. Plutarch was not dead at the time Plutarch wrote to her. The text was taken from the 1657, "newly revised and corrected" edition of Philemon Holland's translation of "The Philosophie Commonly Called Morals". Hardcover. 6"x9", 32 pages.

Pomey, P. Francisco, S.J. Libitina sev de Funeribus, epitomes eruditionis Volumen alterum, In quo, Praecipui Sepulturae Ritus. Apud Romanos, Graecos, Aegyptios, Iudaeos, Turcas... Lugduni; Antonii Molin:1659. The first edition of this study of ancient funeral customs of Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Jews and Turks, with an appendix on epitaphs. 3.5"x5.5", (10) + 292 + (19) pages; several decorative woodcut head and tailpieces and initial letters.

Popham, Edward. Illustrium Virorum Elogia Sepulchralia. London; Prostant Venales apud J. Dodsley: 1778. A curious collection of Latin elegiacs, most from the 17th and early 18th centuries. The dedication, to George Spencer, Duke of Marlborough, is also written in Latin verse. Hardcover. 6"x9", iv + 327 pages + engraved frontispiece.

Potter, Gail M. Stories Behind the Stones. South Brunswick; A.S. Barnes: 1969. Potter selected gravestones with interesting epitaphs and then went one step further -she researched the lives and deaths of the people involved. Here she details the lives and deaths of over 30 interesting Yankees, from patriots to criminals and their victims, sailors and soldiers, husbands and wives. The author's photos of the stones illustrate the collection. Hardcover. 7.5"x10", 244 pages, b/w illustrations, dj.

Power, Dale. Do-It-Yourself Coffins for Pets and People. Atglen; Schiffer Publishing: 1997. Hey, why not? A master woodworker's step-by-step illustrated guide. Even if you don't make a coffin, the book itself is a great conversation-starter when left on the coffee table at parties. Softcover. 8.5"x11", 64 pages, color and b/w illustrations, measured drawings.

Prentis, Edward, et al. Ye Antient Burial Place of New London, Conn. New London; Press of the Day Publishing Co.: 1899. A survey of the gravestones in the oldest cemetery in eastern Connecticut. Includes photos of several stones as well as a folding panoramic photo showing the entire burial ground. Hardcover. 10"x9", 40 pages plus 4 b/w plates, one folding.

[Princess Charlotte] Authentic Particulars of the Death of the Princess Charlotte and Her Infant. London; William Hone:1817. "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte is no more. This young, beautiful, and interesting Princess died at half-past two o'clock in the morning of Thursday, November the 6th, 1817, having survived the delivery of a still-born child but a few hours..." This pamphlet must have been published very soon afterwards. It collects some of the notices which were issued on November 6th, and speculates on what the death of the Princess and her son will mean politically and what may have caused her death. On this last point a few pointed and rather bitter comments are directed at her physicians. 5.5"x8.5", 16 pages, including a portrait frontispiece of the Prince Leopold and Princess Charlotte, and a title page with a thick black border and an engraving of a dead woman draped in medieval-looking robes lying peacefully on her bed with a dead baby.

Puckle, Bertram S. Funeral Customs. Their Origin and Development. New York; Frederick A. Stokes Company: 1926. An exceedingly entertaining if somewhat anecdotal study of the origins and practice of funeral customs from ancient times through the 19th century. Included are chapters on death warnings, preparations for burial, wakes and wailers, mourning bells, funeral feasts and processions, burial places, trees, flowers and body-snatching, plague, state funerals, cremation and embalming, memorials and epitaphs, and more. Hardcover. 6"x9", 283 pages, plus 22 b/w plates, dj.

Pulleyn, William. Church=Yard Gleanings, and Epigrammatic Scraps: being a collection of remarkable Epitaphs and Epigrams... London; Samuel Maunder: nd (1830). "Compiled from the most ancient as well as modern sources, foreign and domestic, serious and facetious; to which are annexed some observations on churches, church-yards, rites of sepulture, tombs, and mausoleums; with instructions for ascertaining the dates of ancient monuments." An early English collection, half epitaphs and half other epigrams. The engraved frontispiece, showing the author (?) hard at work in the middle of a graveyard, is quite charming. Hardcover. 4.5"x8", i-iv, vii-xxiii, 264 pages; engraved frontispiece.

Quaker Memorials. A Collection of Memorials concerning Divers deceased Ministers and others of the People called Quakers, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Parts adjacent, from nearly the first Settlement thereof to the Year 1787. With some of the last Expressions and Exhortations of many of them. Philadelphia; Joseph Crukshank:1787. 5"x8", viii + 439 pages.

[Queen Victoria] Poster- A Proclamation, Requiring all Persons being in Office of Authority or Government at the Decease of the late Queen, to proceed in the Execution of their respective Offices... (signed in type) Edward R. London; Eyre & Spottiswoode, Printers to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1901. A proclamation representing an important administrative detail in the transition between the reigns of Queen Victoria and King Edward. It is addressed to all "Persons in any of the Offices, Places and Employements" serving the Crown in "the Kingdom of Great Britain or Ireland, Dominion of Wales, Town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Isles of Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark, or any of Her Majesty's Plantations", and ordering that they should continue in their offices at the pleasure of the new king. Dated January 23rd, 1901. A very handsome and imposing poster. Poster 22.5"x34.5".

Ragon, Michel. The Space of Death. A Study of Funerary Architecture, Decoration, and Urbanism. Charlottesville; University Press of Virginia:1983. Translated by Alan Sheridan. "From the ancient cemetery bordering the great roads and the medieval cemetery surrounding the church, Ragon leads us to the naturalistic cemeteries of the eighteenth century, the museum cemeteries of the nineteenth century, and to our modern cemeteries, which look more like housing developments." 7.5"x10", 328 pages, b&w illustrations, dj.

Ratcliffe, Henry. Observations on the Rate of Mortality & Sickness existing amongst Friendly Societies: particularized for Various Trades, Occupations, and Localities... Manchester; Printed for the Order by George Falkner, King Street: 1850. "With a series of tables, shewing the value of annuities, sick gift, assurance for death, and contributions to be paid equivalent thereto: calculated from the experience of the members composing The Manchester Unity of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows". Yes friends, what we have here is antiquarian insurance porn! But this is antiquarian insurance porn which gives us great insight into the often-lethal hazards which members of a great many trades and occupations were exposed to in the mid 19th century. So you really are buying it for the articles... Hardcover. 6.5"x10", 168 pages.

Ravenshaw, Thomas F. Antiente Epitaphs (from A.D. 1250 to A.D. 1800) Collected & sett forth in Chronological order. London; Joseph Masters & Co.: 1878. A twenty-five year collection of English epitaphs from ancient tablets, brasses, and headstones. The author has arranged them chronologically, to show the changes of style between ages, a very interesting idea. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.75", 196 pages, folding lithographed frontispiece.

Reed, Charles, et al. Proceedings in Reference to The Preservation of the Bunhill Fields Burial Ground. London; Printed by order of the Corporation of London: 1867. Bunhill Burial Grounds in London is the resting place of John Bunyan, Daniel Defoe, Isaac Watts, Thomas Hardy, and many other notables. This publication preserves the tangled communications and politicking that went on as the lease on the grounds, having been held for 300 years by the Corporation of the City of London, was about to expire and pass into the hands of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. For one reason or another there seems to have been much concern that the grounds might be destroyed and put to commercial use. In addition, there is an appendix which reprints Curll's rare 1717 survey of the inscriptions on the stones and tombs in the grounds. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.5", 88 pages.

Register of the Confederate Dead Interred at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA. Richmond; Gary, Clemmitt & Jones: 1869. A moving book, which lists a substantial portion of the 18,000 Confederate soldiers and sailors interred at the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia by the Hollywood Memorial Association, a group of Confederate widows and veterans. It includes a 1-page history of the work of the Association, the Association’s Constitution, a list of its officers, and then 100 pages are an alphabetical list of the Confederate dead, showing their Company, Regiment, State, their date of death, and the section they are buried in. The Hollywood Memorial Association was only a few years old when this book was published, having been formed on May 3rd, 1866. The title page of the book illustrates the 90-foot tall “Granite Pile”, which was still being built when this book went to press and is described as “clad with vines and roses”, which it is not today. Hollywood Cemetery, in Richmond Virginia, was founded in 1848, and was named for the groves of holly trees on the grounds. A traditional Victorian garden cemetery, it is the final resting place of many famous people including Presidents James Monroe and John Tyler. After the Civil War a portion of the cemetery was set aside for Confederate dead, and over 18,000 of them were eventually buried there, including J.E.B. Stuart and Jefferson Davis (though neither was buried there at the time this book was published). The great granite monument to the Confederate dead, 90 feet tall, was designed by Charles Dimmock. The $18,000 to build it was raised during a special two-week fundraising bazaar staged in 1867. Softcover, 6.5”x9.5”, with a folding map at the front and 116 pages.

[Richings, Rev. Benjamin]. A General Volume of Epitaphs, original and selected: with a large selection of striking and appropriate Texts of Scripture and an Historical and Moral Essay, on the subject. London; J.W. Parker: 1840. After a "short" 77-page introduction in which he touches on the history of burial and many aspects of Christian burial, the author offers 506 epitaphs suitable for use, organized by subject- Infancy; Youth; Manhood; Old Age; Clerical; Naval and Military; Servants; the Blind or Deaf; and Scriptural texts. This title was revised and reissued in 1858 as "Voices from the Tombs". Hardcover. 5.25"x8.25", lxxvii + 165 pages.

Richings, Rev. Benjamin. Voices from the Tombs or, Epitaphs, Original and Selected; with a large selection of appropriate Texts of Scripture: and an Historical and Moral Essay, on Sepulchral Customs, and Monumental Inscriptions. London; Seeley, Jackson, and Halliday: 1858. After a "short" 135-page introduction in which he touches on the history of burial and many aspects of Christian burial, the author offers 506 epitaphs suitable for use, organized by subject- Infancy; Youth; Manhood; Old Age; Clerical; Naval and Military; Servants; the Blind or Deaf; and Scriptural texts. This is a revised version of a title originally published in 1840 as "A General Volume of Epitaphs". Hardcover. 5"x7.5", 337+ pages.

Robinson, David & Dean Koontz. Beautiful Death. Art of the Cemetery. New York; Penguin Studio: 1996. Acclaimed photographer David Robinson toured the cemeteries of Europe over a period of two years to take the photos which illustrate this lovely and haunting book. Popular writer Dean Koontz contributed an interesting, compelling text. Hardcover. 9.5"x9.5", about 200 pages, packed with color illustrations, dj; bibliography.

Robinson, Joseph B. Epitaphs, collected from the Cemeteries of London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hull, Leicester, Sheffield, Manchester, Nottingham, Birmingham, Derby, &c., &c... London; Messrs. Atchley and Co.: 1859. A Victorian-era compilation. The author was a sculptor by vocation and an epitaph collector by inclination. An uncommon title -there are only 5 OCLC listings. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", 208 pages.

Robinson, W. God's Acre Beautiful or The Cemeteries of the Future. London; The Garden Office:1880. The 19th century saw dramatic changes in the popular attitudes toward mourning and cemeteries, with the development of the garden cemetery movement, the resurgence of interest in cremation, and the general Victorian tendency toward grandiose funerals and landscape gardening. Cremation was an especially controversial topic (and potentially illegal activity) which was brought back into the "open" with the founding of the Cremation Society of England in 1874. This book is an advocation of cremation and urn burial in a memorial garden-park setting, a daring idea in a country where the first crematorium would not be opened for another five years. The author discusses the many faults of traditional burial, including the overcrowding and destruction of cemeteries and gravestones, traces the classical traditions of cremation and urn burial, and presents his own plan for the garden "memorial" cemetery of the future. There are several interesting illustrations, including a frontispiece illustrating a "Cemetery of the Future" in which a pair of Greek temples peek out from behind rather overgrown stands of bushes and trees. 6"x9", 128 pages, 8 b&w plates, several line illustrations in the text.

Robson, James. The Churches and Churchyards of Berwickshire. Kelso; J. & J.H. Rutherford: 1896. In addition to preserving the inscriptions on the headstones and monuments, the author gives a running commentary on the churchyards. Hardcover. 6"x8", viii + 227 pages.

Roediger, David. And Die in Dixie. Funerals, Death & Heaven in the Slave Community 1700-1865. (contained in) The Massachusetts Review, Vol.XXII, No.1, Spring, 1981. "The trouble with us", lamented Booker T. Washington, "is that we are always preparing to die. You meet a white man early Monday morning and ask him what he is preparing to do... he is preparing to start business. You ask a colored man...he is preparing to die". So begins this intriguing essay on African American death and funerals as they existed in the Antebellum South. Softcover. 6"x9", pp.163-183.

Roffe, Edwin. Walks in the Way of Old Weever! In Divers Small Books. London; Rochester Press: 1862. Limited to 16 copies. "Set-up, and Imprinted, in Leisure-time, by Edwin Roffe". A rather eccentric and extraordinary epitaphic romp, set to the tune of John Weever's 1631 book "Ancient Funerall Monuments". It consists of no less than 7 short books, issued together, recounting various travels through graveyards, by graveyards, or just thinking about old friends who are in graveyards. There are also two other booklets- "Sundry Slips of Yew, set to the Memory of Divers Citizens of London. Inscriptions from Church-Yard Tombs", and "A Basket of Bright Berries from the Yew Trees of Paradise", both of which also have to do with epitaphs and tombstones. Roffe, an antiquarian and engraver, is not actually making fun of Weever, but is obviously having fun while emulating the 17th century "connoisseur of graveyards, tobacco-enthusiast, sycophant, satirist, dwarf (and) penner of dirty ditties" (Ian Wright). It is not only the text, but Roffe's typographical style, flourishes and enthusiasm, which seems t o gently mock other, more serious Victorian books of the period, and all one can say in the end is that the entire production is an outstanding example of the potential benefits, or dangers, of overdosing on high-test coffee. Hardcover. 6.75"x8.5", 11 + 21 + 7 + 3 + 3 + 7 + 13 + 11 + 6 pages, line illustrations.

Rogers, Frank D. Confessions of an Undertaker. Chicago; Trade Periodical Company: 1900. A very unusual memoir. Rogers writes with great verve and combines humor with dignity in just the right balance. He saw many types of mourner and pseudo-mourner, and describes them with a shrewd eye and dry wit. Hardcover. 5"x7", 87 pages, portrait frontispiece, 9 b/w illustrations.

Rogers, Rev. Charles. Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions in Scotland. London; Charles Griffin and Co.: 1871. Primarily a survey of churchyards, their gravestones and epitaphs, published for the Grampian Club. A descriptive text rather than a collection of transcriptions, although many of the inscriptions are transcribed here. Hardcover. 2 volumes. 6"x8.5", xvi + 534; xi + 439 pages. 2 chromolithographed frontispieces, one of Sir Walter Scott's monument in Edinburgh, the other of the National Wallace Monument. .

[Roosevelt, Franklin D.] Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Memorial Address. Washington; House of Representative: July 1st, 1946. The address by John Gilbert Winant, "delivered before the joint meeting of the two Houses of Congress as a tribute of respect to the Late President of the United States". Also included are the official condolences sent by foreign countries. Hardcover. 6"x9", 84 pages, b/w frontispiece.

[Roosevelt, Theodore] A Memorial to Theodore Roosevelt. New York Legislature; 1919. Former President and New York-native Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6th, 1919; on February 21st the New York Legislature published these memorial proceedings which include tributes by many members, as well as the text of a memorial address in the US Congress by Henry Cabot Lodge. Hardcover. 7.25"x10.25", 131 pages, portrait frontispiece with tissue guard.

Rossiter, Evelyn. The Book of the Dead. Papyri of Ani, Hunefer, Anhai. New York; Miller Graphics/ Crown Publishers1979. It was customary for well-heeled Egyptians in the 17th century BC to have papyrus scrolls of invocations and spells prepared to enable the deceased to triumph over dangers in the next life. These included scenes from the journey in the afterlife and the spirits and gods present there. This book reproduces three superb Books of the Dead. 8.5"x11", 119 pages, color illustrations, dj.

Rotundo, Barbara. The Rural Cemetery Movement. [contained in] Essex Institute Historical Collections, July, 1973.An interesting essay on the history and growth of the rural cemetery movement of the 1830s and 40s. Softcover. 6"x9", article- pp.231-240; entire issue length- 63 pages; no illustrations.

Rousseau, & Lassalle. Les Principaux Monuments Funeraires du Pere-Lachaise et autres Cimetieres de Paris, mesures et dessines par Rousseau, Architecte, et Lassalle, Lithographe. Paris; A. Morel & Cie.:nd. A similar title by the same authors, covering several more cemeteries (and therefor slightly later?) and with a brief introductory text by Marty was published in 1846. A striking pictorial study of the principal monuments and tombs in Pere Lachaise and other Parisian cemeteries. The 1804 opening of the Cemetery Pere Lachaise was a groundbreaking event in the history of cemetery architecture, fully explained by Richard Etlin in his important book "The Architecture of Death". At the end of the 18th century a radical change in attitudes towards Death had taken place as Romantic and pantheistic views of nature, life and death replaced grimmer, more Medieval attitudes. Pere Lachaise was the first of the "Garden" cemeteries which resulted, and featured carefully planned views, monuments and winding walkways. Even the shrubbery was carefully chosen to create the right atmosphere. Pere Lachaise "radically altered the course of cemetery design and anticipated the "rural cemetery" movement in America" (Etlin). This grand viewbook of monuments illustrates styles ranging from Empire to early neo-Gothic, with some Egyptian-style specimens here and there. The sepia-toned lithographs project a somewhat funereal feeling, which is carried on by the tomb surroundings which include many weeping willows and other symbolic devices. 10.5"x13", half-title, title page and plate table plus 72 lithographed plates in sepia tones.

Rowlands, Walter. Curious Old Gravestones in and about Boston. Boston; 1924. The fifty stones are presented in chronological order and proceed from the 1653 stone of Samuel Danforth in Roxbury to the 1807 stone of Henry Roby on Copp's Hill. The stones were photographed by Howland Shaw Chandler. Rowlands was employed in the Fine Arts Division in the Boston Public Library and Chandler was an architect, and this lent a certain antiquarian-scholarly tinge to the selection and photographing of the stones, which were selected for their designs or odd antiquarian interest rather than because they were the monuments to famous people. A noted early photographic survey of Boston gravestones, and becoming increasingly uncommon. Hardcover. 10"x12", string-tied portfolio housing a title page, preface page, 2 pages listing the plates, and 50 b/w heliotype plates, all loose.

Ruby, Jay. Secure the Shadow. Death and Photography in America. Cambridge; The MIT Press: 1995. An exploration and analysis of the photographic representation of death in the United States from the 1840s to the present day. "Looks at the way in which people have taken and used photographs of deceased loved ones and their funerals to mitigate the finality of death". Softcover. 7.5"x9.5", 220 pages, b/w illustrations.

Rudenko, Sergei I. Frozen Tombs of Siberia, the Pazyryk Burials of Iron Age Horsemen. Berkeley; University of California Press:1970. "The first comprehensive and detailed account by its' Russian discoverer of one of the most remarkable pieces of archeology of this century". Wood, metalwork, bones, textiles and other artifacts from 2,500 year-old burial tombs discovered in the Siberian steppes. 7.5"x10", 340 pages plus 147 b&w and 33 color illustrations; with 146 line illustrations in the text; dj.

Russell, Foster W. Mount Auburn Biographies. Cambridge; The Proprietors of the Cemetery of Mount Auburn: 1953. Biographies of 518 distinguished and notable residents of the famous cemetery. Hardcover. 6.5"x9.5", 216 pages.

Ruz Lhuillier, Alberto. Costumbres funerarias de los antiguos mayas. Mexico; Seminario de Cultura Maya:1968. Mayan death customs, designs and arrangements of tombs. 6"x9", 368 pages, b&w frontispiece of a Mayan crypt, with 48 line illustrations, 3 charts and 10 maps.

Safford, Susan Darling. "Quaint Epitaphs". Boston; A.J. Ochs & Company: 1898. Revised Edition. First published in 1895. The collection had been begun 35 years before when Safford was wandering the graveyards near her home in Vermont. "It was neither a morbid curiosity nor a spirit of melancholy that attracted her to the weather-beaten slabs of marble and slate, but rather a fondness for studying human eccentricity as revealed in whimsical epitaphs". Hardcover. 5.75"x8.25", 57 pages.

Sanderson, Joseph, D.D, LL.D. The Pastor's Pocket Manual for Funerals. Suitable Scripture Selections adapted to various occasions, and Germs of Funeral Addresses. Cleveland; F.M. Barton:1902. Texts for every imaginable occasion, notes on various forms of funeral service, and hundreds of suggestions for funeral sermons, again adapted to many different occasions. A fascinating insight into the turn-of-the-century funeral service. 4"x6.5", 96 pages.

Schmidt, Franz. A Hangman's Diary. Being the Journal of Master Franz Schmidt, Public Executioner of Nuremburg, 1573-1617. New York; D. Appleton and Company:1928. 2nd ptg. This macabre study includes an essay on criminal procedure in Germany in the Middle Ages as well as the diary itself. 6"x9", 250 pages, 8 b&w plates.

Schorsch, Anita. Mourning Becomes America. Mourning Art in the New Nation. Clinton; Main Street Press: 1976. An important exhibition, focusing on mourning art and symbolism in the United States in the first 40 years of the 19th century. The catalog includes textiles, pictures, brooches, lockets and other jewelry, ceramics, and a few miscellaneous oddments. Softcover. 8"x8", about 100 pages, b/w and color illustrations.

Schultze, Augustus. Guide to the Old Moravian Cemetery of Bethlehem, PA, 1742-1910. [in the] Pennsylvania-German Society Proceedings and Addresses, Vol. XXI, 1912. Limited to 600 copies. "Of the interesting and attractive places in historic Bethlehem there is perhaps none which is more sought out by strangers and which we hold in greater veneration than the old Moravian Cemetery, "God's Acre", as our fathers called their burying ground". Softcover. 6.5"x10", iv + 218 pages (article).

Schwartzman, Arnold. Graven Images. Graphic Motifs of the Jewish Gravestone. New York; Harry N. Abrams: 1993. Author/photographer Schwartzman assembled more than 200 photos of carved gravestones from 38 Jewish cemeteries in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Rumania. "A surprisingly spirited view of a usually somber subject". Hardcover. 8"x6.5", 144 pages, loaded with color illustrations, dj.

Sears Roebuck & Co. Tombstones and Monuments. Chicago; 1902. Yes, there was a time when you could buy anything from Sears, Roebuck, from cradles to... graves. Well, gravestones, anyway. This very interesting catalog illustrates and describes a very nice selection of late Victorian monuments. Each is described in full with details about color and material, and often options. This is one of the better gravestone catalogs I've come across recently in terms of the amount of information and the presentation -but then, Sears knew how to do mail order. Softcover. 5.5"x8", 62+ pages, loaded with b/w illustrations.

Secretan, Thierry. Il Fait Sombre, Va-T'en. Np; Editions Hazan: 1984. In Ghana the tradition is to make beautiful, whimsical, extraordinary coffins in the shape of cars, carrots, boats, fish, squash -whatever might have had meaning for the deceased. The rather splendid pictorial survey of modern Ghana funerals and coffins is like nothing you have ever seen before. Hardcover. 9.5"x13", 127 pages, loaded with color and some b/w illustrations.

A Select Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions, with Anecdotes of Distinguished Extraordinary Persons. Ipswich; J. Raw: 1806. A very interesting early collection of English epitaphs, selected for their interest or excellence. "The following pages contain the Epitaphs of many whose lives have been the most distinguished in the annals of fame or longevity, whose excellencies, or eccentricity, have called forth the exertions of the powers of varied genius". The book is decorated with an extremely handsome frontispiece which shows two fashionable young ladies and an older gentleman admiring a handsomely carved gravestone in a churchyard. Hardcover. 4.5"x7", xv + 230 pages, engraved frontispiece.

[Shaker- Mourning] In Memoriam. Eldress D.A. Durgin, 1825-1898; Eldress J.J. Kaime, 1826-1898. Concord; The Rumford Press:1899. A memorial volume for two Eldresses at the Canterbury, NH Shaker community. The volume includes memorial and press tributes, poetry, music, and two portraits. 7"x10", 100 pages, 2 b&w plates.

Shelley, George A. Gravestone account book. Madison (CT): 1873-1886. A very interesting ledger book showing the running accounts kept by George A. Shelley, a gravestone maker in Madison, Connecticut. The first entry is for March 1, 1873 and the last is in September, 1886. The entries are fairly basic, usually only consisting of the date, name of the buyer (often "Estate of [name]", although sometimes a spouse or other relative is identified as the purchaser), a brief description of the headstone ("for one American stone", "one Italian stone"), and price. Every once in a while there is a note regarding adding "angels", or brief notes if the work was for a somewhat fancier monument; several stones are noted as being for children. Standard stones ran between $25 and $40, and several of the larger works ran as much as $300, which seems a lot for the 1870s. Although more detail would have been nice, this ledger still gives us a very useful chronicle of the business of a monument maker over an unusually long period of time. As the location is identified someone could doubtless go to the Madison area and match many of these stones with surviving examples. 7"x8.5", about 250 pages, a standard ledger book with marbled boards and a sheepskin spine.

Shower, John. Of Long Life and Old Age. A Funeral Sermon, Occasion'd by the Death of The much honour'd, Mrs. Jane Papillon, , Who departed this Life, July 12th, 1698. Aetat 72. London; Printed for J. Fawkner: 1698. John Shower (1657-1715) was a nonconformist divine and nephew of Thomas Papillon, Jane's husband. 4.5"x6.5", 108 pages, black bordered title page.

Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet. Thunder & Lightning; and Deaths at Marshfield in 1658 & 1666. Boston; privately printed:1850. Edition limited to 100 copies. A curious narrative, based on contemporaneous letters and accounts. On July 31st, 1658, John Phillips was struck down by lightning in Marshfield. His demise is recounted by a Captain Thomas, who was standing beside the unlucky man at the time, and who was unhurt. Several years later, in 1666, lightning struck a Marshfield house and killed three people -among them the widow of the unlucky John Phillips and their son. The ancestor of the author of this book, William Shurtleff, the progenitor of all Shurtleffs in America, was also killed, and others injured. 5.5"x7.5", iii, 55 pages.

Sister Mary Immaculate. The Cry of Rachel. An Anthology of Elegies on Children. New York; Random House:1966. An interesting collection of elegies and poetry from a variety of times and cultures. 6.5"x9.5", 196 pages.

Sizer, Theodore. The Reinternments of Colonel Trumbull. Reprinted from the 1948 Walpole Society Note Book in an edition of 125 copies. The twisted tale of the "removal" of the artist's body to new "quarters".6"x9", 10 pages, softcover.

Slafter, Rev. Carlos. Epitaphs in the Old Burial Place, Dedham, Mass. Dedham; Dedham Historical Society: 1888. The oldest stone in the cemetery (illustrated on the b/w plate) dates to 1678. Softcover. 6.5"x9.5", 53 pages, 1 b/w plate.

Slater, James A. & Ernest Caulfield. The Colonial Gravestone Carvings of Obadiah Wheeler. Worcester; American Antiquarian Society:1974. The work of a stonecarver in early 18th century Connecticut. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, April, 1974. With photographs by Daniel Farber. 6"x9", 103 pages, 25 b&w illustrations, softcover.

Sleepy Hollow. Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Tarrytown-on-the-Hudson. An Ideal Resting Place. Tarrytown-on-the-Hudson; nd (ca.1900). A promotional brochure with a passage from Washington Irving and a brief history of the cemetery. 6"x7.5", 24 pages, b&w illustrations, softcover.

Smillie, James. Greenwood & Mount Auburn. The Rural Cemeteries of America. New York; R. Martin:1847. The 19th century saw the planning and construction of the first large urban and suburban "park" cemeteries. These were often immense, carefully planned and landscaped, and intended for the use of the living as well as the dead. Families could picnic there on weekends, strollers were welcomed, and monuments, tombs and memorial sculpture added additional visual interest. Stonecutting and ironwork were still cheap, Victorian America and England were enjoying Gothic and Mediaeval revivals in architecture, landscape gardening was still going strong, and the end result was that some stunning and very lush cemeteries were designed and built. Carefully planned winding paths and precisely located hills and dales led strollers from monument to monument, perhaps around a corner to a pond, then down a leafy avenue to a clearing and another carefully elaborate tomb. Among the first two such cemeteries built in America were Greenwood in New York and Mount Auburn near Boston. Planned in the 1830s, these were among the marvels of the burgeoning American Middle Class, and are given a full and elaborate treatment here. Each tomb and monument is described and illustrated as a landmark or point of interest, and there are numerous engraved plates illustrating the landscape vistas. In addition, there are many views of fancy wrought iron gates and fences, many with unusual and curious detailing and designs. This beautiful book fully describes each cemetery and its landscaping and tombs and sympathetically conveys the rather unencumbered and naturalistic outlook of the time. Victorians may have been sentimental and overwrought about death, but they were not grim and mouldy, and that is vividly shown here. 8.5"x11", 94 + 119 pages, plus 36 engraved plates; original pebbled publisher's leather with gilt decorations.

Smith, R.A. Smith's Illustrated Guide to and through Laurel Hill Cemetery... Philadelphia; Willis P. Hazard: 1852. "With a glance at celebrated tombs and bury-ing places, ancient and modern; an historical sketch of the cemeteries of Philadelphia; an essay on monumental architecture, and a tour up the Schuylkill". This is an extensive, descriptive tour around Laurel Hill Cemetery and its surroundings. Situated on 74 acres overlooking the Schuylkill River, Laurel Hill was founded in 1836, the second "rural" cemetery in America. In the 19th century as many as 30,000 Philadelphians a summer would wander its beautifully landscaped grounds and marvel at its magnificent and elaborate monuments and tombstones. In the 20th century it fell into neglect and disrepair, but in the last decade an agressive and enthusiastic effort has been made to restore and preserve it. Hardcover. 6"x9", 147 pages plus a 53-page list of lot-holders; b/w illustrations and plates, hand-colored map; publisher's original elaborately-decorated blue cloth with a gilt scene of a lyre-playing angel with a willow to each side, surrounded by gilt scrollwork.

Smith, Rev. Stanhope. An Oration Upon the Death of General George Washington delivered in the State-House at Trenton on the 14th of January, 1800. Trenton; printed by G. Craft: 1800. If it were not enough that the link between Washington's Revolutionary career and Trenton were so strong, the author himself makes this an interesting oration. Rev. Stanhope Smith was the controversial president of Princeton, and author of "Essay on the Causes and Variety of Complexion... An Essay on the Causes and Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species". This controversial pre-Darwinian essay "flatly contradicted the theory of the separate creation of the different races. Independently of revelation, he arrived at a belief in the genetic unity of mankind, ascribing the existence of racial type to the influences of climate and 'the state of society.' He gave much thought the problem of slavery and devised a plan whereby, he believed, freedmen might become economically independent." [DAB]. 5"x9", 45 + [1] pages, self-wrappers.

Sparrow, John. Grave Epigrams. Bembridge; Printed by Simon Rendall in an edition of 200 copies: 1974. A curious volume of 11 poems, all either on the subject of death and mortality or in the form of actual epitaphs or epigrams. John Sparrow, whose 25-year Wardenship of All Souls College at Oxford was devoted to a fierce resistance to its being tugged, kicking and screaming, into the 20th century, was also a prolific writer and poet of some ability. Here, for instance, is 'Upon Stone, an Engraver- A stone above, a stone below; meet it was to shroud him so; fitting too that he should have; grave words graven on his grave; Here this precious stone shall stay; till Resurrection Day; angels roll the stone away". Sparrow was also a famous book collector whose motto was "never lend books, never give them away, never sell them, and never read them". Softcover. 7"x8.75", 23 pages; decoration incorporating a willow by Reynolds Stone on the cover.

Spear, Charles. Essays on the Punishment of Death. Boston; Published by the author: 1845. 11th edition. A famous anti-death penalty text by a Unitarian minister and reformer. Perhaps most famous today for its dramatic frontispiece, illustrating a condemned forger, bound by chains to a stone pillar in a dungeon, his prostrate wife and three young children at his feet. Hardcover. 5"x7.5", xii + 237 + 10 pages; lithographed frontispiece of "The Condemned Forger"; woodcut "Preparing for the Execution" in the text.

Speight, Alexanna. The Lock of Hair: Its History, Ancient and Modern, Natural and Artistic; with the art of Working in Hair, illustrated by numerous designs. London; 1872. 2nd printing. A wonderful Victorian guide to making and designing hair jewelry, with step-by-step instructions for preparing the lockets of hair in various ways, and for the types of designs that can be created. There are several plates illustrating mourning designs for lockets and jewelry. The first edition was published in 1871. OCLC locates just 9 copies. Hardcover. 5.5"x8.5", 122 pages, plus 4 b/w plates.

St. James Church. An Act for pulling down the Church of Saint James at Clerkenwell, in the County of Middlesex, and for building a New Church, and making a new Church-yard, or Cemetery, in the said Parish, with convenient Avenues and Passages thereto. London; Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan: May 18th, 1788. An interesting record of the work it took to take down an old church and graveyard and put up a new one. St. James at Clerkenwell was a combination of 17th and 18th century styles built over an older abbey; it was taken down and replaced by a nice Georgian structure which still stands. Much of this document has to do with the financing of the project, the trustees, and arrangements to purchase adjoining lands. There is, however, mention of the existing graveyard and memorials and tombs within the church, and how they are to be treated and preserved. It is also decreed that the only burials in the new church shall be in vaults. Removed from a larger volume, with a new paper spine; 8"x12", pp.259-302.

[Staglieno Cemetery] Camposanto di Genova. Geneva; Edizione A.P. Genova: no date (ca.1930). A folding viewbook of the carvings in the fantastic Staglieno Cemetery at Genoa. Begun in 1884, this cemetery features a wondrous array of stonework and sculptures. Hardcover. 4.5"x6.5", 36 b/w plates plus a 4-plate view of the cemetery; text on verso of the plates. Bound accordion-style. Decorated embossed card covers.

Stannard, David E. The Puritan Way of Death. A Study in Religion, Culture, and Social Change. New York; Oxford University Press:1977. "Why did Puritan parents deliberately cultivate an attitude of aloofness toward their children? Why did they carefully nurture a terror of Death? Why did Puritan funerals grow more and more elaborate, contrary to doctrine and tradition?" These and other questions are examined in this interesting study of the Puritan way of Death. Hardcover. 6"x8.5", 236 pages, b/w illustrations, dj.

Stark, John Frederick. John Frederick Stark's Daily Hand-Book for Days of Rejoicing and of Sorrow. Containing Exhortations, Prayers and Hymns, for use in Health, in Sickness, in Trouble, in the Dying Hour... translated from the original German Edition. Philadelphia; The Kohler Publishing Company:1855. A translation and reprinting of a popular German handbook first published in 1728. Part Four is devoted to Death and Dying, including a large number of prayers to be offered by the dying. 5"x8", 514 + 113 pages, several b&w plates.

Stein Patent Burial Casket Works. Designs of the Stein Patent Burial Caskets. Rochester; 1875. One of the loveliest casket trade catalogs I have ever seen. A page commenting that the Stein Company believes this is the most elaborate trade catalog of caskets ever produced is followed by 12 full-page chromolithographed plates each illustrating a single fancy casket in color (the color include a yellow-cream bordered with silver; black bordered with silver, purple and silver, grey and silver, and blue-grey and silver). This is followed by a page illustrating the Meriden Britannia Silver Plate Manufactory with a note that the Stein Company gets all its silver plated fittings from Meriden; this is followed by a title page for the James Cunningham & Son Carriage Works, illustrating a funeral carriage, followed by a full-page chromo plate of a child's hearse in cream, white and black, and a full-size hearse in cream, white, black and silver. A truly stunning Victorian casket and hearse catalog. Hardcover. 11.5"x8", original blue pebbled cloth with gilt lettering.

[Stevensgraphs] A pair of 19th century Stevensgraph-like silk mourning ribbons. np; nd (probably England, ca. 1870-80). A pair of cute pictorial mourning ribbons. The first is a stitched version of the 23rd Psalm, in white with gold initial letters, on an ivory ground, with a picture of a shepherd tending his flock by a lake at the top; the second ribbon has the text "With Kind Wishes // Blessed are they that Mourn, for they shall Be Comforted"; the ground is black, with silver lettering and a cross with a mourning glory vine elaborately draped around it and violets sprouting at the base. 2"x7" and 2"x11", silk.

Sterry, Consider. Masonic Formalities of Burying the Dead, together with the ancient charges at initiation, &c. As performed by the best working lodges, and most intelligent Masons in America. Norwich; Printed by R. Hubbard for the author: 1813. An interesting pamphlet which outlines the complete Masonic funeral ceremonies, with 2 diagrams illustrated with woodcut coffins. Consider Sterry [1761-1817] was a civil engineer, mathematician and the Past Master of the Somersett Lodge. He published several books on mathematics, and in 1807 he wrote to Thomas Jefferson, proposing a new method of determining longitude for ships at sea. Softcover. 3.5"x6.5", title page + 25 pages; 2 diagrams with woodcut coffins; bound in period marbled paper, stitched.

Stewart, Aubrey. English Epigrams and Epitaphs. London; Chapman & Hall, Ltd.: 1897. A clever little collection. Hardcover. 4"x6", viii + 282 pages, portrait of Johnson.

Stickley, Gustav (ed.). The Craftsman. An Illustrated Monthly Magazine for the Simplification of Life. Vol. X, No.5. New York; August, 1906. Includes articles on "The Cemetery in the Hands of the Landscape Gardener" (mausoleums in Germany); "Simple Life Achieved in Japan", "Art of Vine Growing", and "Building a Country House to Help Solve the Servant Problem". Softcover. 8"x10.5", 137 + xx pages; b/w illustrations.

Stock Certificate. Magnolia Cemetery Stock Certificate. Charleston, SC; 1900. A decorative stock certificate for Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston, South Carolina. 10.5"x7", decorative certificate with scrollwork border, gothic lettering, central cipher, etc.

Stone, Edwin M., et al. Memorial of the Dead: being Notices of Monuments in Swan Point Cemetery, together with the Acts of Incorporation, Rules and Regulations, Catalogue of the Proprietors, and List of Officers from the Beginning. Providence; 1870. Limited to 200 copies. Swan Point Cemetery in Providence, Rhode Island was founded in 1846 as part of the garden cemetery movement. Civil War general Ambrose Burnside (1824-1881) and H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937) are buried there, though neither (obviously) is mentioned in this volume. You will find Major. John Rogers Vinton here; Major Vinton was killed in the Mexican War in 1847 "by the unexploded shell that surmounts (the) brown stone monument erected to his memory". Scarce. OCLC locates no copies. Hardcover. 6"x9.5", 64 + 75 pages.

Stone, Gaynell. Spatial and Material Aspects of Culture: Ethnicity and Ideology in Long Island Gravestones, 1670-1820. State University of New York at Stony Brook: 1987/Ann Arbor; UMI Reprints. A dissertation on gravestones found at a crossroads of New England and New Netherlands cultures representing ten different religious denominations and nine ethnic groups. Comb-bound. 8.5"x11", 400 pages, poor b/w illustrations.

Stone, [Elizabeth]. God's Acre: or, Historical Notices relating to Churchyards. London; John W. Parker and Son: 1858. A wide-ranging, very Victorian study of many aspects related to funerals and mourning, with chapters on ancient burial; Christian burial; internment in churches and churchyards; internment in cemeteries and charnel houses; tombs and epitaphs; flowers on graves; mourning customs; funeral doles and tapers; exhumation; the passing bell; and "ministering spirits". Mrs. Stone says in her preface- "The subject may not seem at first sight a very attractive one. But if it be a little startling to find so many pages devoted to 'graves, and worms, and epitaphs,' it may reassure us all to call to mind that Epitaphs point to a future hope; that Worms loosen, and thereby tend to irrigate, the soil for the bursting forth of flowers; and that Graves are the 'footprints of angels'." Such was the Victorian ability to be morbid and optimistic at the same time. An entertaining and informative survey. Hardcover. 5.5"x8", xvii + 406 pages.

[Streeten, J. W.] Epitaphia [Greek letters], or, A collection of memorials, inscribed to the memory of good and faithful servants, copied on the spot, in various cemetaries throughout the counties of Berks, Buckingham, (etc). London; Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green: 1826. An early survey of English gravestones. The counties included are: Berks, Buckingham, Derby, Essex, Gloucester, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Northampton, Oxford, Salop, Stafford, Surrey, Warwick, Worcester, and York. The text itself is elegantly set up, with each page devoted to a separate epitaph, all set within a pleasing yet simple geometric border. A handsome Regency-style presentation. Hardcover. 4.5"x7.5", xii + 312 pages.

Strong, T. The Cypress Wreath, or Mourner's Friend. A Selection of Pieces, adapted to the Consolation of the Afflicted. Greenfield; printed and published by Phelps & Clark:1828. An interesting early 19th century American collection of death-related poems and prose. It is 90 percent poetry, with several prose selections, including a sermon on the death of children. 3.5"x6", 108 pages.

Sue, [Jean Joseph]. Anthropotomie, ou l'Art d'Injecter de Dissequer, d'Embaumer et de Conserver les Parties du Corps Humain, &c. Paris; Jean Joseph Sue & Cavellier:1765. 2nd edition. Sue held a string of appointments and degrees in medicine, the arts and sciences. This rather detailed study of the preparation and preservation of human corpses was considerably enlarged from the first edition. 4"x7", xx + 291 pages.

Suffling, Ernest R. Epitaphia: Being a Collection of 1300 British Epitaphs Grave and Gay, Historical and Curious, Annotated with Biographical Notes, Anecdotes, &c. London; L. Upcott Gill: 1909. The author was a stained-glass artist and became acquainted with many churches and their gravestones, from whence he became interested in the subject of epitaphs. He also includes an introduction touching upon modes of burial and internment from Medieval times. Hardcover. 6"x8.5", xii + 496 pages.

Sullivan, F.A. The Art and Practice of Embalming. A Thorough and Practical Text-Book on the Science of Embalming. Westport; The Embalmers' Supply Co.: 1901. A complete, thorough and graphic book, "including latest and most direct methods of treatment, with anatomical and physiological descriptions, and a treatise on modern sanitation and disinfection". Uncommon. Hardcover. 6.25"x9", xix + 268 pages, 18 plates, some partially colored, and many b/w text illustrations.

[Sumner] Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Charles Sumner, (A Senator of Massachusetts,) Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives, Forty-third Congress, First Session. Washington; Government Printing Office: 1874. A record of the official commemorations of the life of the great abolitionist Senator from Massachusetts, who was almost beaten to death on the floor of the Senate by another member in 1856 and never fully recovered. Includes a description of the funeral ceremonies in the Capitol, and the text of speeches by the Senate Chaplain, and addresses by a number of members of both the House and Senate. Hardcover. 7.5"x11", 112 pages, engraved portrait frontispiece with tissue guard.

The Sunnyside. New York: 1898-1903. A small pile of issues of The Sunnyside, which was a trade periodical for funeral directors and others in the field. This magazine gives real insight into the funeralindustry at the turn of the century, with many interesting articles and hundreds of illustrated advertisements (including one stunning chromo). 11"x14", 9 issues, consisting of: March, 1898; August, 1901 (lacks cover); January, March, September and October, 1902; January, February & June, 1903. Paper covers, about 50-60 pages each. The February, 1903 issue has a stunning full-page chromolithographed advertisement for the Sozonian Metal Casket Case, complete with a beautiful red-robed lady smiling and leaning against it.

Suuertius, Franciscus. Epitaphia Ioco-Seria, Latina, Gallica, Italica, Hispanica, Lusitanica, Belgica. Cologne; Bernard Gaultheri:1623. A collection of epitaphs and tomb inscriptions found in Europe from ancient times through the 16th century. A curious early collection of epitaphs. 4"x6", (16) + 351 pages, woodcut device on the title page and several woodcut headpieces and initial letters in the text.

Swenson, Evelyn. Victoriana Americana. The Customs and Costumes of Victorian America. Matteson; Great Lakes Living Press: 1976. "The way it was- the traditions and tribulations of an era that had more to offer than 'gimcracks and gewgaws'. 19th century fashion news- the fashion dolls and fashion plates that crossed the Atlantic; The Lincolnshire Lad, the fascinating story of Charles Worth, king of Victorian fashion; the jet myth- the rise of black glass jewelry and passementerie trimmings; great Victorian women- Jenny Lind, Lily Langtry, Sarah Josepha Hale, 'Mother' Jones, and many more; for the sad times- mourning fashions and customs; the horns of plenty- buttons and brooches of animal horn". Hardcover. 8.5"x11", 170 pages, b/w illustrations, several color plates.

Swift, Jonathan. Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D. occasioned by reading a Maxim of Rochefoucault. No place (Dublin?): Printed in the Year 1743. An early printing of Swift's famous and witty pre-obituary poem. Swift worked on the piece for several years, and in 1738 an English printer published an edited, shortened version, which did not please Swift. In February, 1739 the full version was published in Dublin. Our printed copy contains the note that "many Lines and Notes were omitted in the English edition; which we have here inserted, to make the work as compleat as possible", suggesting to me that this is likewise possibly an Irish edition. In the poem Swift wittily recalls some incidents in his life, and imagines how his friends, and enemies, will react to his death and what they will say after he is gone- "For Poetry, he's past his Prime, - He takes an Hour to find a Rhime; - His Fire is out, his Wit decay'd; - His Fancy sunk, his Muse a Jade, - I'd have him throw away his Pen; - But there's no talking to some Men.". Swift's poem remains as a singular, unforgettable and unique self-written epitaph. Disbound; 4.75"x7.75", removed from a larger volume, this comprises the title page and the poem paginated pp.153-176.

Swift, Jonathan. Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D. occasioned by reading a Maxim of Rochefoucault. Market Drayton; Tern Press: 1992. Edition limited to 95 copies.A beautiful fine-press edition of Swift's famous and witty pre-obituary poem. This finely-printed edition includes notes and a commentary by A. Norman Jeffares. Hardcover. 7"x10.75", 42 pages; printed from handset type on Zerkall paper with 9 lino prints. Patterned covers.


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